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Peripheral Hypoarousal but Not Preparation-Vigilance Impairment Endures in ADHD Remission

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Early online date31 Mar 2017
DOIs
E-pub ahead of print31 Mar 2017
Published31 May 2017

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether impairments associated with persistent ADHD-impaired attention allocation (P3 amplitude), peripheral hypoarousal (skin conductance level [SCL]), and adjustment in preparatory state (contingent negative variation [CNV])-reflect enduring deficits unrelated to ADHD outcome or are markers of ADHD remission.

METHOD: Young people with childhood ADHD (73 persisters and 18 remitters) and 144 controls were compared on neurophysiological measures during two conditions (baseline and fast-incentive) of a four-choice reaction time task.

RESULTS: ADHD remitters differed from persisters, and were indistinguishable from controls, on baseline P3 amplitude and fast-incentive CNV amplitude ( p ≤ .05). ADHD remitters differed from controls ( p ≤ .01), and were indistinguishable from persisters ( p > .05), on baseline SCL.

CONCLUSION: Preparation-vigilance measures were markers of ADHD remission, confirming previous findings with other measures. Yet, SCL-measured peripheral hypoarousal emerges as an enduring deficit unrelated to ADHD improvement. Future studies should explore potential compensatory mechanisms that enable efficient preparation-vigilance processes in ADHD remitters.

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