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Personality and Defensive Reactions: Fear, Trait Anxiety, and Threat Magnification

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Personality and Defensive Reactions : Fear, Trait Anxiety, and Threat Magnification. / Perkins, Adam; Cooper, Andrew; Abdelall, Maura; Smillie, Luke D.; Corr, Philip J.

In: Journal of Personality, Vol. 78, No. 3, 06.2010, p. 1071 - 1090.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Perkins, A, Cooper, A, Abdelall, M, Smillie, LD & Corr, PJ 2010, 'Personality and Defensive Reactions: Fear, Trait Anxiety, and Threat Magnification', Journal of Personality, vol. 78, no. 3, pp. 1071 - 1090. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00643.x

APA

Perkins, A., Cooper, A., Abdelall, M., Smillie, L. D., & Corr, P. J. (2010). Personality and Defensive Reactions: Fear, Trait Anxiety, and Threat Magnification. Journal of Personality, 78(3), 1071 - 1090. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00643.x

Vancouver

Perkins A, Cooper A, Abdelall M, Smillie LD, Corr PJ. Personality and Defensive Reactions: Fear, Trait Anxiety, and Threat Magnification. Journal of Personality. 2010 Jun;78(3):1071 - 1090. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00643.x

Author

Perkins, Adam ; Cooper, Andrew ; Abdelall, Maura ; Smillie, Luke D. ; Corr, Philip J. / Personality and Defensive Reactions : Fear, Trait Anxiety, and Threat Magnification. In: Journal of Personality. 2010 ; Vol. 78, No. 3. pp. 1071 - 1090.

Bibtex Download

@article{b5d02dd59b16495ab243fbf1b26274c3,
title = "Personality and Defensive Reactions: Fear, Trait Anxiety, and Threat Magnification",
abstract = "The revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (rRST) of personality (Gray & McNaughton, 2000) maintains that trait individual differences in the operation of defensive systems relate to facets of human personality, most notably anxiety and fear. We investigated this theory in 2 separate studies (total N=270) using a threat scenario research strategy (Blanchard, Hynd, Minke, Minemoto, & Blanchard, 2001). Consistent with rRST, results showed that individuals with high fear questionnaire scores tended to select defensive responses entailing orientation away from threat (e.g., run away) and that fear-prone individuals also tended to perceive threats as magnified. The extent of this threat magnification mediated the positive association observed between fear and orientation away from threat. Overall, results suggest that interindividual variance in defensive reactions is associated with a variety of existing personality constructs but that further research is required to determine the precise relationship between personality and defensive reactions.",
author = "Adam Perkins and Andrew Cooper and Maura Abdelall and Smillie, {Luke D.} and Corr, {Philip J.}",
year = "2010",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00643.x",
language = "English",
volume = "78",
pages = "1071 -- 1090",
journal = "Journal of Personality",
issn = "0022-3506",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality and Defensive Reactions

T2 - Fear, Trait Anxiety, and Threat Magnification

AU - Perkins, Adam

AU - Cooper, Andrew

AU - Abdelall, Maura

AU - Smillie, Luke D.

AU - Corr, Philip J.

PY - 2010/6

Y1 - 2010/6

N2 - The revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (rRST) of personality (Gray & McNaughton, 2000) maintains that trait individual differences in the operation of defensive systems relate to facets of human personality, most notably anxiety and fear. We investigated this theory in 2 separate studies (total N=270) using a threat scenario research strategy (Blanchard, Hynd, Minke, Minemoto, & Blanchard, 2001). Consistent with rRST, results showed that individuals with high fear questionnaire scores tended to select defensive responses entailing orientation away from threat (e.g., run away) and that fear-prone individuals also tended to perceive threats as magnified. The extent of this threat magnification mediated the positive association observed between fear and orientation away from threat. Overall, results suggest that interindividual variance in defensive reactions is associated with a variety of existing personality constructs but that further research is required to determine the precise relationship between personality and defensive reactions.

AB - The revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (rRST) of personality (Gray & McNaughton, 2000) maintains that trait individual differences in the operation of defensive systems relate to facets of human personality, most notably anxiety and fear. We investigated this theory in 2 separate studies (total N=270) using a threat scenario research strategy (Blanchard, Hynd, Minke, Minemoto, & Blanchard, 2001). Consistent with rRST, results showed that individuals with high fear questionnaire scores tended to select defensive responses entailing orientation away from threat (e.g., run away) and that fear-prone individuals also tended to perceive threats as magnified. The extent of this threat magnification mediated the positive association observed between fear and orientation away from threat. Overall, results suggest that interindividual variance in defensive reactions is associated with a variety of existing personality constructs but that further research is required to determine the precise relationship between personality and defensive reactions.

U2 - 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00643.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00643.x

M3 - Article

VL - 78

SP - 1071

EP - 1090

JO - Journal of Personality

JF - Journal of Personality

SN - 0022-3506

IS - 3

ER -

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