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Personality traits of alexithymia and perfectionism in impaired awareness of hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes – An exploratory study

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Personality traits of alexithymia and perfectionism in impaired awareness of hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes – An exploratory study. / Naito, Anna; Nwokolo, Munachiso; Smith, Emma L. et al.

In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol. 150, 110634, 11.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Naito, A, Nwokolo, M, Smith, EL, de Zoysa, N, Garrett, C, Choudhary, P & Amiel, SA 2021, 'Personality traits of alexithymia and perfectionism in impaired awareness of hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes – An exploratory study', Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 150, 110634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2021.110634

APA

Naito, A., Nwokolo, M., Smith, E. L., de Zoysa, N., Garrett, C., Choudhary, P., & Amiel, S. A. (2021). Personality traits of alexithymia and perfectionism in impaired awareness of hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes – An exploratory study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 150, [110634]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2021.110634

Vancouver

Naito A, Nwokolo M, Smith EL, de Zoysa N, Garrett C, Choudhary P et al. Personality traits of alexithymia and perfectionism in impaired awareness of hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes – An exploratory study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2021 Nov;150. 110634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2021.110634

Author

Naito, Anna ; Nwokolo, Munachiso ; Smith, Emma L. et al. / Personality traits of alexithymia and perfectionism in impaired awareness of hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes – An exploratory study. In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2021 ; Vol. 150.

Bibtex Download

@article{82ee89f88fc74482bb1fccb6baacebdb,
title = "Personality traits of alexithymia and perfectionism in impaired awareness of hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes – An exploratory study",
abstract = "Objective: Severe hypoglycemia complicates insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes, with impaired awareness of hypoglycemia (IAH) being a major risk factor. We explored associations between the personality traits, alexithymia and perfectionism, and cognitive barriers to hypoglycemia avoidance described in IAH, and evaluated their prevalence in people with and without IAH. Methods: Cross-sectional exploratory study. Ninety adults with type 1 diabetes, 54 hypoglycemia aware and 36 with IAH, completed validated questionnaires exploring alexithymia (Total Alexithymia Scale [TAS-20]) and perfectionism (Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale [FMPS]); and cognitive barriers related to hypoglycemia avoidance (Attitudes to Awareness Questionnaire [A2A]. Results: Alexithymia and perfectionism scores correlated positively with cognitive barriers associated with IAH. Specifically, alexthymia scores correlated with the {\textquoteleft}Hyperglycaemia Avoidance Prioritised{\textquoteright} factor (r = 0.265; p =.02, n = 77) and the {\textquoteleft}Asymptomatic Hypoglycemia Normalised{\textquoteright} factor (r = 0.252–0.255; p =.03, n = 77). Perfectionism scores correlated with the {\textquoteleft}Hyperglycaemia Avoidance Prioritised{\textquoteright} factor (r = 0.525; p <.001, n = 66). Overall, IAH participants were significantly more likely to score at the high end for alexithymia (17.6% vs. 1.9%, p =.008, n = 87) and at the extreme ends (high and low) for perfectionism (69.0% vs. 40.0%, χ2 (1) = 6.24, p =.01, n = 77). Conclusion: These novel data showing associations between alexithymia and perfectionism scores and maladaptive health beliefs in IAH suggest the intriguing possibility that personality traits may contribute to the risk of IAH, perhaps through their influence on incentives to avoid hypoglycemia. If confirmed, measuring such traits may help tailor early adjunctive psychological intervention to reduce hypoglycemia burden for people with IAH.",
keywords = "Alexithymia, Diabetes, Diabetes mellitus, Hypoglycemia, Psychological aspects",
author = "Anna Naito and Munachiso Nwokolo and Smith, {Emma L.} and {de Zoysa}, Nicole and Christopher Garrett and Pratik Choudhary and Amiel, {Stephanie A.}",
note = "Funding Information: This study was supported by the Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) South London of the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR, award no: CLA_0113_10022 ). Additional support was from The HypoAware study, funded by Diabetes UK (ref: 13/0004653 ). The opinions expressed in this manuscript are those of the authors, not of the NIHR. Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 The Authors Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.",
year = "2021",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/j.jpsychores.2021.110634",
language = "English",
volume = "150",
journal = "Journal of Psychosomatic Research",
issn = "0022-3999",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality traits of alexithymia and perfectionism in impaired awareness of hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes – An exploratory study

AU - Naito, Anna

AU - Nwokolo, Munachiso

AU - Smith, Emma L.

AU - de Zoysa, Nicole

AU - Garrett, Christopher

AU - Choudhary, Pratik

AU - Amiel, Stephanie A.

N1 - Funding Information: This study was supported by the Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) South London of the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR, award no: CLA_0113_10022 ). Additional support was from The HypoAware study, funded by Diabetes UK (ref: 13/0004653 ). The opinions expressed in this manuscript are those of the authors, not of the NIHR. Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Authors Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2021/11

Y1 - 2021/11

N2 - Objective: Severe hypoglycemia complicates insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes, with impaired awareness of hypoglycemia (IAH) being a major risk factor. We explored associations between the personality traits, alexithymia and perfectionism, and cognitive barriers to hypoglycemia avoidance described in IAH, and evaluated their prevalence in people with and without IAH. Methods: Cross-sectional exploratory study. Ninety adults with type 1 diabetes, 54 hypoglycemia aware and 36 with IAH, completed validated questionnaires exploring alexithymia (Total Alexithymia Scale [TAS-20]) and perfectionism (Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale [FMPS]); and cognitive barriers related to hypoglycemia avoidance (Attitudes to Awareness Questionnaire [A2A]. Results: Alexithymia and perfectionism scores correlated positively with cognitive barriers associated with IAH. Specifically, alexthymia scores correlated with the ‘Hyperglycaemia Avoidance Prioritised’ factor (r = 0.265; p =.02, n = 77) and the ‘Asymptomatic Hypoglycemia Normalised’ factor (r = 0.252–0.255; p =.03, n = 77). Perfectionism scores correlated with the ‘Hyperglycaemia Avoidance Prioritised’ factor (r = 0.525; p <.001, n = 66). Overall, IAH participants were significantly more likely to score at the high end for alexithymia (17.6% vs. 1.9%, p =.008, n = 87) and at the extreme ends (high and low) for perfectionism (69.0% vs. 40.0%, χ2 (1) = 6.24, p =.01, n = 77). Conclusion: These novel data showing associations between alexithymia and perfectionism scores and maladaptive health beliefs in IAH suggest the intriguing possibility that personality traits may contribute to the risk of IAH, perhaps through their influence on incentives to avoid hypoglycemia. If confirmed, measuring such traits may help tailor early adjunctive psychological intervention to reduce hypoglycemia burden for people with IAH.

AB - Objective: Severe hypoglycemia complicates insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes, with impaired awareness of hypoglycemia (IAH) being a major risk factor. We explored associations between the personality traits, alexithymia and perfectionism, and cognitive barriers to hypoglycemia avoidance described in IAH, and evaluated their prevalence in people with and without IAH. Methods: Cross-sectional exploratory study. Ninety adults with type 1 diabetes, 54 hypoglycemia aware and 36 with IAH, completed validated questionnaires exploring alexithymia (Total Alexithymia Scale [TAS-20]) and perfectionism (Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale [FMPS]); and cognitive barriers related to hypoglycemia avoidance (Attitudes to Awareness Questionnaire [A2A]. Results: Alexithymia and perfectionism scores correlated positively with cognitive barriers associated with IAH. Specifically, alexthymia scores correlated with the ‘Hyperglycaemia Avoidance Prioritised’ factor (r = 0.265; p =.02, n = 77) and the ‘Asymptomatic Hypoglycemia Normalised’ factor (r = 0.252–0.255; p =.03, n = 77). Perfectionism scores correlated with the ‘Hyperglycaemia Avoidance Prioritised’ factor (r = 0.525; p <.001, n = 66). Overall, IAH participants were significantly more likely to score at the high end for alexithymia (17.6% vs. 1.9%, p =.008, n = 87) and at the extreme ends (high and low) for perfectionism (69.0% vs. 40.0%, χ2 (1) = 6.24, p =.01, n = 77). Conclusion: These novel data showing associations between alexithymia and perfectionism scores and maladaptive health beliefs in IAH suggest the intriguing possibility that personality traits may contribute to the risk of IAH, perhaps through their influence on incentives to avoid hypoglycemia. If confirmed, measuring such traits may help tailor early adjunctive psychological intervention to reduce hypoglycemia burden for people with IAH.

KW - Alexithymia

KW - Diabetes

KW - Diabetes mellitus

KW - Hypoglycemia

KW - Psychological aspects

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85116093255&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2021.110634

DO - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2021.110634

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85116093255

VL - 150

JO - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

JF - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

SN - 0022-3999

M1 - 110634

ER -

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