King's College London

Research portal

Pharmacogenetics of antidepressant response: A polygenic approach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Major Depressive Disorder Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomic Consortium

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-134
Number of pages7
JournalProgress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
Volume75
Early online date31 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2017

Documents

King's Authors

Abstract

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) has a high personal and socio-economic burden and > 60% of patients fail to achieve remission with the first antidepressant. The biological mechanisms behind antidepressant response are only partially known but genetic factors play a relevant role. A combined predictor across genetic variants may be useful to investigate this complex trait. 

Methods: Polygenic risk scores (PRS) were used to estimate multi-allelic contribution to: 1) antidepressant efficacy; 2) its overlap with MDD and schizophrenia. We constructed PRS and tested whether these predicted symptom improvement or remission from the GENDEP study (n = 736) to the STAR*D study (n = 1409) and vice-versa, including the whole sample or only patients treated with escitalopram or citalopram. Using summary statistics from Psychiatric Genomics Consortium for MDD and schizophrenia, we tested whether PRS from these disorders predicted symptom improvement in GENDEP, STAR*D, and five further studies (n = 3756). 

Results: No significant prediction of antidepressant efficacy was obtained from PRS in GENDEP/STAR*D but this analysis might have been underpowered. There was no evidence of overlap in the genetics of antidepressant response with either MDD or schizophrenia, either in individual studies or a meta-analysis. Stratifying by antidepressant did not alter the results. 

Discussion: We identified no significant predictive effect using PRS between pharmacogenetic studies. The genetic liability to MDD or schizophrenia did not predict response to antidepressants, suggesting differences between the genetic component of depression and treatment response. Larger or more homogeneous studies will be necessary to obtain a polygenic predictor of antidepressant response.

Download statistics

No data available

View graph of relations

© 2018 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454