Pharmacological characterization of the interaction between tiotropium bromide and olodaterol on human bronchi and small airways

Luigino Calzetta*, Paola Rogliani, Clive Page, Barbara Rinaldi, Mario Cazzola, Maria Gabriella Matera

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Combining a long-acting β 2 -agonist (LABA) with a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) is the cornerstone to treat patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study we have characterized the interaction between the LAMA tiotropium bromide, and the LABA olodaterol, on the contractile tone of human medium bronchi and small airways. The response to a combination of tiotropium bromide and olodaterol was assessed at sub-maximal contractile tone induced by carbachol. The duration of action was studied in tissue contracted by transmural stimulation. Relaxation of bronchial tone was expressed as % of maximal response to papaverine. Drug interactions were analyzed by the Bliss Independence method and Unified Theory. Tiotropium bromide/olodaterol combination induced a significant synergistic relaxant response (P < 0.05 vs. expected additive effect) in medium bronchi and small airways pre-contracted by carbachol, by enhancing relaxation +22.13 ± 4.42% and +26.31 ± 12.39%, respectively. The combination of tiotropium bromide and olodaterol also reduced the airway smooth muscle contractility elicited by transmural stimulation by 73.60 ± 3.10%. The extent of synergy was strong to very strong, and was supported by the release of neuronal acetylcholine, cyclic adenosine monophosphate levels, and activation of iberiotoxin-sensitive KCa ++ channels. Conversely, the interaction between tiotropium bromide and olodaterl was independent of the activity at M 2 muscarinic receptors. These results indicate that tiotropium bromide/olodaterol combination leads to a potent and durable synergistic relaxation of human medium bronchi and small airways. Further pharmacological studies are needed to confirm these results in clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-50
Number of pages12
JournalPulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Human airways
  • Olodaterol
  • Synergy
  • Tiotropium bromide

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