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Physical activity and sedentary levels among people living with epilepsy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Davy Vancampfort, Philip B Ward, Brendon Stubbs

Original languageEnglish
Article number106390
JournalEpilepsy & Behavior
Early online date27 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


King's Authors


How physically active and sedentary people with epilepsy are is unclear. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate physical activity and sedentary behavior levels compared with the general population in people with epilepsy across the lifespan. Embase, PubMed, PsycARTICLES, and CINAHL Plus were searched from inception until 1/3/2019. A random effects meta-analysis was conducted. Adults with epilepsy (mean age range = 30-47 years) were significantly less likely to comply with physical activity recommendations [odds ratio (OR) = 0.68; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.53-0.87; P < 0.001; N analyses = 10; n epilepsy = 1599; n controls = 137,800] and more likely to be inactive (as defined by individual study criteria) (OR = 1.57; 95% CI = 1.34-1.84; P < 0.001; N analyses = 6; n epilepsy = 6032; n controls = 928,184). Data in children (mean age range = 10-12 years) were limited (N = 4; n = 170) and inconsistent while there were no data available for middle-aged and old age (>65 years) people with epilepsy. Our data demonstrate that adults with epilepsy are less physically active than the general population. Public health campaigns specifically targeting the prevention of physical inactivity in adults with epilepsy are warranted. More research on physical activity and sedentary levels in children, adolescents, middle-aged, and old age but also adult people with epilepsy is needed before specific recommendations can be formulated.

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