Spin-forbidden excitons in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides are optically inactive at room temperature. Probing and manipulating these dark excitons are essential for understanding exciton spin relaxation and valley coherence of these 2D materials. Here, we show that the coupling of dark excitons to a metal nanoparticle-on-mirror cavity leads to plasmon-induced resonant emission with the intensity comparable to that of the spin-allowed bright excitons. A three-state quantum model combined with full-wave electrodynamic calculations reveals that the radiative decay rate of the dark excitons can be enhanced by nearly 6 orders of magnitude through the Purcell effect, therefore compensating its intrinsic nature of weak radiation. Our nanocavity approach provides a useful paradigm for understanding the room-temperature dynamics of dark excitons, potentially paving the road for employing dark exciton in quantum computing and nanoscale optoelectronics.
- plasmonic cavities
- Purcell factor
- spin forbidden dark exciton
- transition metal dichalcogenides
- two-dimensional materials