Abstract

Introduction:
Dupuytren’s Disease is a fibroproliferative disorder of the hand, with a heterogenous pathogenesis, ranging from early-stage nodule development to late-stage digital contractures. Hand therapy intervention is not routinely provided pre-operatively. The objective of this systematic review was to explore the efficacy of hand therapy interventions provided for pre-operative Dupuytren’s Disease.

Methods:
A systematic review was undertaken of the databases CENTRAL, CINAHL, OVID Medline and OVID EMBASE, PubMed, BNI, Web of Science, with grey literature and reference searches conducted from database inception to April 2022, and confirmed in August 2023. Included studies required non-surgical intervention and outcome data on individuals with Dupuytren’s Disease who have not had surgical intervention. Two reviewers conducted the searches, independently assessed eligibility and completed methodological quality assessments. Data were summarised narratively.

Results:
Seventeen studies were selected for final inclusion. Interventions included Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy (ESWT), Corticosteroid Injection (CSI), Splinting, Massage and Stretching, Ultrasound Therapy (US), Temperature Controlled High Energy Adjustable Laser (THEAL). ESWT positively maintained or improved pain, active range of motion (AROM), Disabilities of the Arm Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) scores, and grip strength. US positively maintained or improved ROM and grip. Splinting positively maintained or improved ROM, CSI positively improved nodule size. Cross Frictional Massage positively impacted AROM and THEAL improved pain and DASH scores.

Conclusions:
Outcomes from therapeutic interventions for pre-operative management of Dupuytren’s Disease were largely positive. However, there is a need for further high-quality research into these interventions to understand their full potential for the management of Dupuytren’s Disease.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHand Therapy
Early online date28 Jan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Jan 2024

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