Precision Public Health for Non-communicable Diseases: An Emerging Strategic Roadmap and Multinational Use Cases

Oliver J. Canfell*, Kamila Davidson, Leanna Woods, Clair Sullivan, Noelle M. Cocoros, Michael Klompas, Bob Zambarano, Elizabeth Eakin, Robyn Littlewood, Andrew Burton-Jones

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) remain the largest global public health threat. The emerging field of precision public health (PPH) offers a transformative opportunity to capitalize on digital health data to create an agile, responsive and data-driven public health system to actively prevent NCDs. Using learnings from digital health, our aim is to propose a vision toward PPH for NCDs across three horizons of digital health transformation: Horizon 1—digital public health workflows; Horizon 2—population health data and analytics; Horizon 3—precision public health. This perspective provides a high-level strategic roadmap for public health practitioners and policymakers, health system stakeholders and researchers to achieving PPH for NCDs. Two multinational use cases are presented to contextualize our roadmap in pragmatic action: ESP and RiskScape (USA), a mature PPH platform for multiple NCDs, and PopHQ (Australia), a proof-of-concept population health informatics tool to monitor and prevent obesity. Our intent is to provide a strategic foundation to guide new health policy, investment and research in the rapidly emerging but nascent area of PPH to reduce the public health burden of NCDs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number854525
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • electronic health records
  • electronic medical records
  • medical informatics
  • non-communicable diseases
  • precision public health
  • preventive medicine
  • public health
  • public health informatics

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