Predicting arrhythmia recurrence following catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia using late gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging: Implications of varying scar ranges

Pranav Bhagirath*, Fernando O. Campos, Caroline M. Costa, Arthur A.M. Wilde, Anton J. Prassl, Aurel Neic, Gernot Plank, Christopher A. Rinaldi, Marco J.W. Götte, Martin J. Bishop

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background: Thresholding-based analysis of late gadolinium enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR) can create scar maps and identify corridors that might provide a reentrant substrate for ventricular tachycardia (VT). Current recommendations use a full-width-at-half-maximum approach, effectively classifying areas with a pixel signal intensity (PSI) >40% as border zone (BZ) and >60% as core. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of 4 different threshold settings on scar and corridor quantification and to correlate this with postablation VT recurrence. Methods: Twenty-seven patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy who had undergone catheter ablation for VT were included for retrospective analysis. LGE-CMR images were analyzed using ADAS3D LV. Scar maps were created for 4 PSI thresholds (40–60, 35–65, 30–70, and 45–55), and the extent of variation in BZ and core, as well as the number and weight of conduction corridors, were quantified. Three-dimensional representations were reconstructed from exported segmentations and used to quantify the surface area between healthy myocardium and scar (BZ + core), and between BZ and core. Results: A wider PSI threshold was associated with an increase in BZ mass and decrease in scar (P <.001). No significant differences were observed for the total number of corridors and their mass with increasing PSI threshold. The best correlation in predicting arrhythmia recurrence was observed for PSI 45–55 (area under the curve 0.807; P =.001). Conclusion: Varying PSI has a significant impact on quantification of LGE-CMR parameters and may have incremental clinical value in predicting arrhythmia recurrence. Further prospective investigation is warranted to clarify the functional implications of these findings for LGE-CMR–guided ventricular ablation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1604-1610
Number of pages7
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume19
Issue number10
Early online date26 May 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Arrhythmia recurrence
  • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
  • Catheter ablation
  • Late enhancement magnetic resonance imaging
  • Ventricular tachycardia

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