Predictors of short-term impulsive and compulsive behaviour after subthalamic stimulation in Parkinson disease

EUROPAR and the International Parkinson and Movement Disorders Society Non-Motor Parkinson's Disease Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: The effects of subthalamic stimulation (subthalamic nucleus-deep brain stimulation, STN-DBS) on impulsive and compulsive behaviours (ICB) in Parkinson's disease (PD) are understudied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical predictors of STN-DBS effects on ICB. METHODS: In this prospective, open-label, multicentre study in patients with PD undergoing bilateral STN-DBS, we assessed patients preoperatively and at 6-month follow-up postoperatively. Clinical scales included the Questionnaire for Impulsive-Compulsive Disorders in PD-Rating Scale (QUIP-RS), PD Questionnaire-8, Non-Motor Symptom Scale (NMSS), Unified PD Rating Scale in addition to levodopa-equivalent daily dose total (LEDD-total) and dopamine agonists (LEDD-DA). Changes at follow-up were analysed with Wilcoxon signed-rank test and corrected for multiple comparisons (Bonferroni method). We explored predictors of QUIP-RS changes using correlations and linear regressions. Finally, we dichotomised patients into 'QUIP-RS improvement or worsening' and analysed between-group differences. RESULTS: We included 55 patients aged 61.7 years±8.4 with 9.8 years±4.6 PD duration. QUIP-RS cut-offs and psychiatric assessments identified patients with preoperative ICB. In patients with ICB, QUIP-RS improved significantly. However, we observed considerable interindividual variability of clinically relevant QUIP-RS outcomes as 27.3% experienced worsening and 29.1% an improvement. In post hoc analyses, higher baseline QUIP-RS and lower baseline LEDD-DA were associated with greater QUIP-RS improvements. Additionally, the 'QUIP-RS worsening' group had more severe baseline impairment in the NMSS attention/memory domain. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show favourable ICB outcomes in patients with higher preoperative ICB severity and lower preoperative DA doses, and worse outcomes in patients with more severe baseline attention/memory deficits. These findings emphasise the need for comprehensive non-motor and motor symptoms assessments in patients undergoing STN-DBS. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DRKS00006735.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1313-1318
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021


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