Pregnancy outcomes in substance-misusing pregnant women: A 10-year retrospective study

Anna Maria Vella*, Charles Savona Ventura, Kim Wolff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
245 Downloads (Pure)


In this ten-year retrospective study we were able to show that Maltese substance-misusing mothers (SMMs) have significantly different socio-biological characteristics from mothers in the general population which seem to impact on neonatal outcomes. Significant differences from the general population were noted in the SMM's age, age at first pregnancy, marital status, educational background, number of cigarettes smoked, number of offspring and weight gained in pregnancy. SMMs booked their pregnancy in hospital later than the general population. On the other hand their infants had a lower mean birth weight and head circumference, had lower Apgar scores, were of lesser gestational age and premature. They were less breast-fed and stayed longer in hospital after their birth.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Early online date14 Oct 2015
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Oct 2015


  • Malta
  • methadone
  • Pregnancy
  • substance misuse


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