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Preoperative comprehensive geriatric assessment and optimisation prior to elective arterial vascular surgery: a health economic analysis

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1770-1777
Number of pages8
JournalAge and Ageing
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
Published11 Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

King's Authors

Abstract

BACKGROUND: increasing numbers of older people are undergoing vascular surgery. Preoperative comprehensive geriatric assessment and optimisation (CGA) reduces postoperative complications and length of hospital stay. Establishing CGA-based perioperative services requires health economic evaluation prior to implementation. Through a modelling-based economic evaluation, using data from a single site clinical trial, this study evaluates whether CGA is a cost-effective alternative to standard preoperative assessment for older patients undergoing elective arterial surgery. METHODS: an economic evaluation, using decision-analytic modelling, comparing preoperative CGA and optimisation with standard preoperative care, was undertaken in older patients undergoing elective arterial surgery. The incremental net health benefit of CGA, expressed in terms of quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), was used to evaluate cost-effectiveness. RESULTS: CGA is a cost-effective substitute for standard preoperative care in elective arterial surgery across a range of cost-effectiveness threshold values. An incremental net benefit of 0.58 QALYs at a cost-effectiveness threshold of £30k, 0.60 QALYs at a threshold of £20k and 0.63 QALYs at a threshold of £13k was observed. Mean total pre- and postoperative health care utilisation costs were estimated to be £1,165 lower for CGA patients largely accounted for by reduced postoperative bed day utilisation. CONCLUSION: this study demonstrates a likely health economic benefit in addition to the previously described clinical benefit of employing CGA methodology in the preoperative setting in older patients undergoing arterial surgery. Further evaluation should examine whether CGA-based perioperative services can be effectively implemented and achieve the same clinical and health economic outcomes at scale.

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