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Prevalence of mental disorders and associated disability: Results from the cross-sectional CZEch mental health Study (CZEMS)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

T. Formánek, A. Kagström, P. Cermakova, L. Csémy, K. Mladá, P. Winkler

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Volume60
Early online date13 May 2019
DOIs
Accepted/In press5 May 2019
E-pub ahead of print13 May 2019
PublishedAug 2019

King's Authors

Abstract

Introduction
We aimed to estimate the prevalence of current mental disorders in the Czech population, and to identify associated disability.

Methods
We conducted a representative cross-sectional household survey of the Czech adult, community-dwelling population. We used the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.), WHO Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS) 2.0, and Self-Identification as Mentally Ill (SELFI) scale alongside sociodemographic and other covariates. We reached 75% response rate. Descriptive statistics of the sample were assessed and median (M) disability levels with interquartile range (IQR) according diagnosis were calculated on a scale ranging from 12 to 50. Linear regression models were used to identify factors associated with disability.

Results
In our sample of 3 306 participants, 21.9% experienced a mental disorder in 2017. Prevalence rates for mood, anxiety, alcohol use, non-alcohol substance use, and psychotic disorders corresponded to 5.5%, 7.3%, 10.8%, 2.9%, and 1.5% respectively. Alcohol dependence was identified in 6.6%, and major depression in 4.0% of the sample. Disability in the general population was significantly lower (M = 12; IQR = 12, 17) than in those with mood (M = 20; IQR = 14; 29), anxiety (M = 18; IQR = 13; 26), alcohol use (M = 14; IQR = 12; 18), non-alcohol substance use (M = 15; IQR = 12; 19), or psychotic disorders (M = 22; IQR = 16.4; 29.4).

Conclusions
People with mental disorders have considerably elevated disability in comparison to mentally healthy participants. The prevalence of mental disorders in the Czech Republic is mostly in line with European prevalence rates but it is lower for anxiety disorders and two times higher for alcohol use disorders.

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