Prevalence, Patterns of Treatment, and Control of Hypertension in Predialysis Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Pantelis A. Sarafidis, Claire C. Sharpe, Eleri Wood, Rochelle Blacklock, Adam Rumjon, Aziza Al-Yassin, Rachel Ariyanayagam, Shanique Simmonds, Jessica Fletcher-Rogers, Katie Vinen

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    39 Citations (Scopus)


    Background/Aims: Data on the prevalence, treatment and control of hypertension in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) are limited. This study aimed to examine the above factors in a cohort of predialysis patients. Methods: During a period of 4 months, we recorded information on blood pressure (BP), comorbidities, medications and related parameters of patients followed up in the Low-Clearance Clinic of our Department. Control rates of hypertension were calculated at two thresholds: <130/80 and <140/90 mm Hg. Univariate and multiple linear regression analyses were employed to assess factors associated with BP control. Results: In the population studied [n = 238, males 58.4%, age 66.21 +/- 4.2 years (mean +/- SD), estimated glomerular filtration rate 14.5 +/- 4.8 ml/min/1.73m(2)], the prevalence of hypertension was 95.0%. Treatment rate among hypertensives was at 99.1%. On average, 3.04 +/- 1.32 antihypertensive drugs were used, ranging from 1 to 7 agents. BP control rates at the <130/80 and <140/90 mm Hg thresholds were 26.5% and 48.2%, respectively. The systolic goal was achieved in 31.0% and 50.4%, whereas the diastolic goal was achieved in 67.7% and 91.2% of patients, respectively. In multivariate analysis, only black race was independently and inversely related with hypertension control (beta = -0.187, p = 0.030). No specific antihypertensive class showed independent associations with control. Conclusions: Hypertension is highly prevalent in predialysis CKD patients. An almost universal treatment, employing a multi-agent regime, can help towards improved rates of control. Systolic BP is the main barrier to successful control and black race is associated with poorer control rates.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)c147-c155
    Number of pages9
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012


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