Primary care contacts, continuity, identification of palliative care needs, and hospital use: a population-based cohort study in people dying with dementia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Reducing hospital admissions among people dying with dementia is a policy priority.

Aim To explore associations between primary care contacts, continuity of primary care, identification of palliative care needs, and unplanned hospital admissions among people dying with dementia.

Design and setting This was a retrospective cohort study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink linked with hospital records and Office for National Statistics data. Adults (>18 years) who died between 2009 and 2018 with a diagnosis of dementia were included in the study.

Method The association between GP contacts, Herfindahl–Hirschman Index continuity of care score, palliative care needs identification before the last 90 days of life, and multiple unplanned hospital admissions in the last 90 days was evaluated using random-effects Poisson regression.

Results In total, 33 714 decedents with dementia were identified: 64.1% (n = 21 623) female, mean age 86.6 years (SD 8.1), mean comorbidities 2.2 (SD 1.6). Of these, 1894 (5.6%) had multiple hospital admissions in the last 90 days of life (increase from 4.9%, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 4.2 to 5.6 in 2009 to 7.1%, 95% CI = 5.7 to 8.4 in 2018). Participants with more GP contacts had higher risk of multiple hospital admissions (incidence risk ratio [IRR] 1.08, 95% CI = 1.05 to 1.11). Higher continuity of care scores (IRR 0.79, 95% CI = 0.68 to 0.92) and identification of palliative care needs (IRR 0.66, 95% CI = 0.56 to 0.78) were associated with lower frequency of these admissions.

Conclusion Multiple hospital admissions among people dying with dementia are increasing. Higher continuity of care and identification of palliative care needs are associated with a lower risk of multiple hospital admissions in this population, and might help prevent these admissions at the end of life.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E684-E692
JournalBJGP Open
Volume72
Issue number722
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Primary care contacts, continuity, identification of palliative care needs, and hospital use: a population-based cohort study in people dying with dementia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this