Pro-resolution immunological networks: binding immunoglobulin protein and other resolution-associated molecular patterns

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Abstract

Appropriate regulation and subsequent resolution of acute inflammatory events is critical to the prevention of autoinflammatory diseases. Indeed, the chronic inflammation observed in diseases such as RA is at least partially consequent on the failure of endogenous immunoregulation. Current RA therapies (e.g. anti-TNF-α inhibitors and MTX) inhibit components of the inflammatory disease process without directly promoting the resolution of inflammation. We propose that the next generation of RA therapeutics will complement and augment endogenous immunoregulatory and pro-resolution immunological networks, thus promoting the definitive resolution of inflammation rather than temporary immunological control. Of particular interest with respect to this therapeutic approach is binding immunoglobulin protein [BiP; also known as glucose-regulated protein-78 (GRP78)], a member of the recently defined resolution-associated molecular pattern (RAMP) family of molecules. In this review, we consider the preclinical evidence from experiments in mouse and man that suggests BiP and other members of the RAMP family have the potential to herald a new generation of immunotherapeutics.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberker412
Pages (from-to)780-8
Number of pages9
JournalRheumatology (Oxford, England)
Volume51
Issue number5
Early online date20 Dec 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

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