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Probing sulphamethazine and sulphamethoxazole based Schiff bases as urease inhibitors; synthesis, characterization, molecular docking and ADME evaluation

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Asad Hamad, Mohsin Abbas Khan, Irshad Ahmad, Aqeel Imran, Ruqaiya Khalil, Taha Al-Adhami, Khondaker Miraz Rahman, Quratulain, Nudrat Zahra, Zahid Shafiq

Original languageEnglish
Article number104336
JournalBIOORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Volume105
DOIs
PublishedDec 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

In the current study, a novel series of Schiff base derivatives of (E)-4-(benzylideneamino)-N-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide (3a-3f) and (E)-4-(benzylideneamino)-N-(5-methylisoxazol-3-yl)benzenesulfonamide (3g-3q) were synthesize. The structures of synthetic compounds were elucidated by various spectroscopic techniques such as FTIR, NMR and spectrometric HRMS analysis. Synthetic derivatives were evaluated for their Jack Bean urease inhibitory activity using established in-vitro assay. It is worth mentioning here that most of our derivatives of both series displayed moderate to strong inhibitory activity, ranging between IC50 = 2.48 ± 0.78 µM and 35.63 ± 1.26 µM, as compared to standard thiourea (IC50 = 20.03 ± 2.03 µM). Further, structure activity relationship studies suggest that the presence of halogen at ortho and para positions on the aryl ring in (E)-4-(benzylideneamino)-N-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)benzenesulfonamide derivatives and hydroxy and halogen in (E)-4-(benzylideneamino)-N-(5-methylisoxazol-3-yl)benzenesulfonamide derivatives increased the urease inhibitory activity. Furthermore, molecular docking studies were carried out in order to investigate the binding mode of this class of compounds to urease. In order to evaluate drug likeness of compounds ADME evaluation was done, and the synthesized compounds were found to be non-toxic and present passive gastrointestinal absorption. The data suggests the synthesized sulphamethazine and sulphamethoxazole derivatives can serve as a novel scaffold to inhibit urease.

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