Problem drinking recognition among UK military personnel: prevalence and associations

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Abstract

Purpose
Despite the higher prevalence of problem drinking in the UK military compared to the general population, problem recognition appears to be low, and little is known about which groups are more likely to recognise a problem. This study examined prevalence of problem drinking recognition and its associations.

Methods
We analysed data from 6400 regular serving and ex-serving personnel, collected in phase 3 (2014–2016) of the King's Centre for Military Health Research cohort study.

Measurements
Participants provided sociodemographic, military, health and impairment, life experiences, problem drinking, and problem recognition information. Problem drinking was categorised as scores ≥ 16 in the AUDIT questionnaire. Associations with problem recognition were examined with weighted logistic regressions.

Findings
Among personnel meeting criteria for problem drinking, 49% recognised the problem. Recognition was most strongly associated (ORs ≥ 2.50) with experiencing probable PTSD (AOR = 2.86, 95% CI = 1.64–5.07), social impairment due to physical or mental health problems (AOR = 2.69, 95% CI = 1.51–4.79), adverse life events (AOR = 2.84, 95% CI = 1.70–4.75), ever being arrested (AOR = 2.99, CI = 1.43–6.25) and reporting symptoms of alcohol dependence (AOR = 3.68, 95% CI = 2.33–5.82). To a lesser extent, recognition was also statistically significantly associated with experiencing psychosomatic symptoms, feeling less healthy, probable common mental health disorders, and increased scores on the AUDIT.

Conclusion
Half of UK military personnel experiencing problem drinking does not self-report their drinking behaviour as problematic. Greater problem drinking severity, poorer mental or physical health, and negative life experiences facilitate problem recognition.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • PROBLEM DRINKING
  • ALCOHOL
  • MILITARY

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