Prolonged curing time reduces the effects of simulated pulpal pressure on the bond strength of one-step self-etch adhesives

V. P. Feitosa*, T. F. Watson, R. P. Vitti, A. Bacchi, L. Correr-Sobrinho, A. B. Correr, M. A C Sinhoreti, S. Sauro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of extended light-curing procedures on the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) of onestep self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs) submitted to simulated pulpal pressure. Coronal deep-dentin specimens were bonded using Clearfil S3 Bond (S3), Adper Easy Bond (EB), or G-Bond Plus (GB) following the manufacturers' recommendations and light-cured for 10 seconds or 40 seconds. The dentin-bonded specimens were stored in distilled water for 24 hours without pulpal pressure (control) or submitted to 20 cm H2O simulated pulpal pressure for 24 hours. The specimens were cut into matchsticks and subjected to μTBS testing. The data were statistically analyzed using the three-way analysis of variance and Tukey's tests (p<0.05). Debonded sticks were investigated through scanning electron microscopy. EB obtained higher bond strengths than GB and S3. However, prolonged light activation (40 seconds) provided higher μTBS for all adhesives when submitted to pulpal pressure. Conversely, pulpal pressure caused a drop in μTBS in EB and S3 when light-cured for 10 seconds. A mixed failure mode was mainly attained for the control groups, whereas the specimens submitted to pulpal pressure failed in the adhesive mode. The μTBS of GB was not affected by pulpal pressure when light-cured for 10 seconds. Adhesive was the most prevalent failure mode, except when light-cured for 40 seconds, which showed predominantly cohesive failure. Extended curing times improved the resistance of 1-SEAs to simulated pulpal pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-554
Number of pages10
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2013


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