Prostate MR elastography with transperineal electromagnetic actuation and a fast fractionally encoded steady-state gradient echo sequence

Ramin Sebastian Sahebjavaher, Samuel Frew, Artem Bylinskii, Leon ter Beek, Philippe Garteiser, Mohammad Honarvar, Ralph Sinkus, Septimiu Salcudean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Our aim is to develop a clinically viable, fast-acquisition, prostate MR elastography (MRE) system with transperineal excitation. We developed a new actively shielded electromagnetic transducer, designed to enable quick deployment and positioning within the scanner. The shielding of the transducer was optimized using simulations. We also employed a new rapid pulse sequence that encodes the three-dimensional displacement field in the prostate gland using a fractionally encoded steady-state gradient echo sequence, thereby shortening the acquisition time to a clinically acceptable 8-10 min. The methods were tested in two phantoms and seven human subjects (six volunteers and one patient with prostate cancer). The MRE acquisition time for 24 slices, with an isotropic resolution of 2 mm and eight phase offsets, was 8 min, and the total scan, including positioning and set-up, was performed in 15-20 min. The phantom study demonstrated that the transducer does not interfere with the acquisition process and that it generates displacement amplitudes that exceed 100 µm even at frequencies as high as 300 Hz. In the in vivo human study, average wave amplitudes of 30 µm (46 µm at the apex) were routinely achieved within the prostate gland at 70 Hz. No pain or discomfort was reported. Results in a single patient suggest that MRE can identify cancer tumors, although this result is preliminary. The proposed methods allow the integration of prostate MRE with other multiparametric MRI methods. The results of this study clearly motivate the clinical evaluation of transperineal MRE in patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)784-794
Number of pages11
JournalNmr in Biomedicine
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2014


  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Computer Simulation
  • Elasticity Imaging Techniques
  • Electromagnetic Fields
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Perineum
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Prostate
  • Transducers


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