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Protective factors for psychotic experiences amongst adolescents exposed to multiple forms of victimization

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Protective factors for psychotic experiences amongst adolescents exposed to multiple forms of victimization. / Crush, Eloise; Arseneault, Louise; Moffitt, Terrie Edith; Danese, Andrea; Caspi, Avshalom; Jaffee, Sara; Matthews, Timothy; Fisher, Helen.

In: Journal of psychiatric research, Vol. 104, 09.2018, p. 32-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Crush, E, Arseneault, L, Moffitt, TE, Danese, A, Caspi, A, Jaffee, S, Matthews, T & Fisher, H 2018, 'Protective factors for psychotic experiences amongst adolescents exposed to multiple forms of victimization', Journal of psychiatric research, vol. 104, pp. 32-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2018.06.011

APA

Crush, E., Arseneault, L., Moffitt, T. E., Danese, A., Caspi, A., Jaffee, S., ... Fisher, H. (2018). Protective factors for psychotic experiences amongst adolescents exposed to multiple forms of victimization. Journal of psychiatric research, 104, 32-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2018.06.011

Vancouver

Crush E, Arseneault L, Moffitt TE, Danese A, Caspi A, Jaffee S et al. Protective factors for psychotic experiences amongst adolescents exposed to multiple forms of victimization. Journal of psychiatric research. 2018 Sep;104:32-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2018.06.011

Author

Crush, Eloise ; Arseneault, Louise ; Moffitt, Terrie Edith ; Danese, Andrea ; Caspi, Avshalom ; Jaffee, Sara ; Matthews, Timothy ; Fisher, Helen. / Protective factors for psychotic experiences amongst adolescents exposed to multiple forms of victimization. In: Journal of psychiatric research. 2018 ; Vol. 104. pp. 32-38.

Bibtex Download

@article{1378a53ebbef4d8e84cd40ee13e039a5,
title = "Protective factors for psychotic experiences amongst adolescents exposed to multiple forms of victimization",
abstract = "Experiencing multiple types of victimization (poly-victimization) during adolescence is associated with the onset of psychotic experiences (such as hearing voices, having visions, or being extremely paranoid). However, many poly-victimized adolescents will not develop such subclinical phenomena and the factors that protect them are unknown. This study investigated whether individual, family, or community-level characteristics were associated with an absence of psychotic experiences amongst poly-victimized adolescents. Participants were from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally-representative cohort of 2232 UK-born twins. Exposure to seven different types of victimization between ages 12-18 was ascertained using a modified version of the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire at age 18. Adolescents were also interviewed about psychotic experiences at age 18. Protective factors were measured at ages 12 and 18. We found that exposure to poly-victimization during adolescence was associated with age-18 psychotic experiences (OR=4.62, 95{\%} CI 3.59-5.94, P<0.001), but more than a third of the poly-victimized adolescents reported having no psychotic experiences (40.1{\%}). Greater social support was found to be protective against adolescent psychotic experiences even amongst those exposed to poly-victimization. Engaging in physical activity and greater neighborhood social cohesion were also associated with a reduced likelihood of age-18 psychotic experiences in the whole sample, with non-significant trends in the poly-victimized group. Increasing social support and promoting physical activity appear to be important areas for future research into the development of preventive interventions targeting adolescent psychotic experiences. This adds further weight to calls to increase the promotion of these factors on a public health scale. Keywords: Adolescence; exercise; poly-victimization; psychosis; resilience; social support.",
author = "Eloise Crush and Louise Arseneault and Moffitt, {Terrie Edith} and Andrea Danese and Avshalom Caspi and Sara Jaffee and Timothy Matthews and Helen Fisher",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpsychires.2018.06.011",
language = "English",
volume = "104",
pages = "32--38",
journal = "Journal of psychiatric research",
issn = "0022-3956",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Protective factors for psychotic experiences amongst adolescents exposed to multiple forms of victimization

AU - Crush, Eloise

AU - Arseneault, Louise

AU - Moffitt, Terrie Edith

AU - Danese, Andrea

AU - Caspi, Avshalom

AU - Jaffee, Sara

AU - Matthews, Timothy

AU - Fisher, Helen

PY - 2018/9

Y1 - 2018/9

N2 - Experiencing multiple types of victimization (poly-victimization) during adolescence is associated with the onset of psychotic experiences (such as hearing voices, having visions, or being extremely paranoid). However, many poly-victimized adolescents will not develop such subclinical phenomena and the factors that protect them are unknown. This study investigated whether individual, family, or community-level characteristics were associated with an absence of psychotic experiences amongst poly-victimized adolescents. Participants were from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally-representative cohort of 2232 UK-born twins. Exposure to seven different types of victimization between ages 12-18 was ascertained using a modified version of the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire at age 18. Adolescents were also interviewed about psychotic experiences at age 18. Protective factors were measured at ages 12 and 18. We found that exposure to poly-victimization during adolescence was associated with age-18 psychotic experiences (OR=4.62, 95% CI 3.59-5.94, P<0.001), but more than a third of the poly-victimized adolescents reported having no psychotic experiences (40.1%). Greater social support was found to be protective against adolescent psychotic experiences even amongst those exposed to poly-victimization. Engaging in physical activity and greater neighborhood social cohesion were also associated with a reduced likelihood of age-18 psychotic experiences in the whole sample, with non-significant trends in the poly-victimized group. Increasing social support and promoting physical activity appear to be important areas for future research into the development of preventive interventions targeting adolescent psychotic experiences. This adds further weight to calls to increase the promotion of these factors on a public health scale. Keywords: Adolescence; exercise; poly-victimization; psychosis; resilience; social support.

AB - Experiencing multiple types of victimization (poly-victimization) during adolescence is associated with the onset of psychotic experiences (such as hearing voices, having visions, or being extremely paranoid). However, many poly-victimized adolescents will not develop such subclinical phenomena and the factors that protect them are unknown. This study investigated whether individual, family, or community-level characteristics were associated with an absence of psychotic experiences amongst poly-victimized adolescents. Participants were from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally-representative cohort of 2232 UK-born twins. Exposure to seven different types of victimization between ages 12-18 was ascertained using a modified version of the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire at age 18. Adolescents were also interviewed about psychotic experiences at age 18. Protective factors were measured at ages 12 and 18. We found that exposure to poly-victimization during adolescence was associated with age-18 psychotic experiences (OR=4.62, 95% CI 3.59-5.94, P<0.001), but more than a third of the poly-victimized adolescents reported having no psychotic experiences (40.1%). Greater social support was found to be protective against adolescent psychotic experiences even amongst those exposed to poly-victimization. Engaging in physical activity and greater neighborhood social cohesion were also associated with a reduced likelihood of age-18 psychotic experiences in the whole sample, with non-significant trends in the poly-victimized group. Increasing social support and promoting physical activity appear to be important areas for future research into the development of preventive interventions targeting adolescent psychotic experiences. This adds further weight to calls to increase the promotion of these factors on a public health scale. Keywords: Adolescence; exercise; poly-victimization; psychosis; resilience; social support.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2018.06.011

DO - 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2018.06.011

M3 - Article

VL - 104

SP - 32

EP - 38

JO - Journal of psychiatric research

JF - Journal of psychiatric research

SN - 0022-3956

ER -

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