Provocation and localization of atrial ectopy in patients with atrial septal defects

Louisa O’Neill*, Iain Sim, Daniel O’Hare, John Whitaker, Rahul K. Mukherjee, Steven Niederer, Matthew Wright, Vivienne Ezzat, Eric Rosenthal, Matthew I. Jones, Alessandra Frigiola, Mark D. O’Neill, Steven E. Williams

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with atrial septal defects (ASDs), but the mechanism of arrhythmia in these patients is poorly understood. We hypothesised that right-sided atrial ectopy may predominate in this cohort. Here, we aimed to localise the origin of spontaneous and provoked atrial ectopy in ASD patients. Methods: Following invasive calibration of P-wave axes, 24-h Holter monitoring was used to determine the chamber of origin of spontaneous atrial ectopy. Simultaneous electrogram recording from multiple intra-cardiac catheters was used to determine the chamber of origin of isoprenaline-provoked ectopy. Comparison was made to a group of non-congenital heart disease AF patients. Results: Amongst ASD patients, a right-sided origin for spontaneous atrial ectopy was significantly more prevalent than a left-sided origin (24/30 patients with right-sided ectopy vs. 14/30 with left-sided ectopy, P = 0.015). Amongst AF patients, there was no difference in the prevalence of spontaneous right vs. left-sided ectopy. For isoprenaline-provoked ectopy, there was no significant difference in the proportions of patients with right-sided or left-sided ectopy in either group. Conclusions: When spontaneous atrial ectopy occurs in ASD patients, it is significantly more prevalent from a right-sided than left-sided origin. Isoprenaline infusion did not reveal the predilection for right-sided ectopy during electrophysiology study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-237
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • Atrial arrhythmia
  • Atrial ectopy
  • Atrial septal defect
  • Right atrium


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