Psychiatric healthcare resource utilization following initiation of aripiprazole once-monthly: a retrospective real-world study

Heidi Walters*, Maelys Touya, Soon Nan Wee, Michelle Ng, Simran Thadani, Subina Surendran, Miguel E Rentería, A. John Rush, Rashmi Patel, Joydeep Sarkar, Heather M. Fitzgerald, Xue Han

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Objectives: This observational retrospective real-world study examined changes in healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) pre- and post-initiation of aripiprazole once-monthly (AOM 400) in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar I disorder. Methods: Electronic health record-derived, de-identified data from the NeuroBlu Database (2013–2020) were used to identify patients ≥18 years with schizophrenia (n = 222) or bipolar I disorder (n = 129) who were prescribed AOM 400, and had visit data within 3, 6, 9, or 12 months pre- and post-initial AOM 400 prescription. Rates of inpatient hospitalization, emergency department visits, inpatient readmissions, and average length of stay were examined and compared over 3, 6, 9, and 12 months pre-/post-AOM 400 using a McNemar test. Results: Statistically significant differences were seen in both schizophrenia and bipolar I disorder patient cohorts pre- and post-AOM 400 in inpatient hospitalization rates (p <.001 all time points, both cohorts) and 30-day readmission per patient rates (p <.001 all time points, both cohorts). Statistically significant improvement in mean length of stay was observed in both cohorts at all time points, except for at six months in patients with schizophrenia. Emergency department visit rates were significantly lower after AOM 400 initiation for both cohorts at all time points (p <.001). Conclusions: A reduction in the rate of hospitalizations, emergency department visits, 30-day readmissions, and average length-of-stay was observed for patients diagnosed with either schizophrenia or bipolar I disorder, which suggests a positive effect of AOM 400 treatment on HCRU outcomes and is supportive of earlier analyses from different data sources.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Medical Research and Opinion
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2022

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