Psychosexual outcome after labiaplasty: a prospective case-comparison study

David Veale, Iona Naismith, Ertiniss Eshkevari, Nell Ellison, Ana Costa, Dudley Robinson, Lanka Abeywickrama, Angelica Kavouni, Linda Cardozo

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Introduction and hypothesis
Our goal was to determine psychosexual outcome after labiaplasty in the long-term with specific measures of genital body image and sexual dysfunction.

We conducted a prospective study with a matched-comparison group of women not wanting labiaplasty. Forty-nine women were compared against a group of 39 women matched for age, sexual orientation, ethnicity, and marital status. The labiaplasty group was assessed before, 3 months after and between 11 and 42 months after surgery. The comparison group was assessed at two time points 3 months apart to control for the passage of time. The primary outcome measure was the Genital Appearance Satisfaction (GAS) scale.

Of the 49 women receiving labiaplasty, 19 (38.8 %) were lost to follow-up but were reassessed clinically. Twenty-four of 25 (96 %) women in the labiaplasty group showed a reliable and clinically significant improvement on the GAS scale 3 months after the procedure; 21/23 (91.3 %) showed an improvement at the long-term follow-up. A large effect size was found for improvements on the GAS scale in the labiaplasty group. Small-effect sizes were found for improvements in sexual functioning. Nine women obtaining labiaplasty met diagnostic criteria for body dysmorphic disorder before the operation; eight lost that diagnosis at the 3-month follow-up; 26 % reported minor side effects.

Labiaplasty is effective in improving genital appearance and sexual satisfaction, but larger studies are required to determine the prevalence of potential side effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-839
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014


  • Acknowledged-BRC
  • Acknowledged-BRC-13/14


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