Psychosocial Factors in Diabetes and Cardiovascular Risk

Ruth A. Hackett, Andrew Steptoe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that is increasing in prevalence globally. Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in diabetes, and lifestyle and clinical risk factors do not fully account for the link between the conditions. This article provides an overview of the evidence concerning the role of psychosocial stress factors in diabetes risk, as well as in cardiovascular complications in people with existing diabetes. Several types of psychosocial factors are discussed including depression, other types of emotional distress, exposure to stressful conditions, and personality traits. The potential behavioral and biological pathways linking psychosocial factors to diabetes are presented and implications for patient care are highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number95
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reports
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Depression
  • Psychosocial factors
  • Stress
  • Type 2 diabetes

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