QoE Optimization for Live Video Streaming in UAV-to-UAV Communications via Deep Reinforcement Learning

Liyana Burhanuddin, Xiaonan Liu, Yansha Deng, Ursula Challita, Andras Zahemszky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)
219 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A challenge for rescue teams when fighting against wildfire in remote areas is the lack of information, such as the size and images of fire areas. As such, live streaming from Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), capturing videos of dynamic fire areas, is crucial for firefighter commanders in any location to monitor the fire situation with quick response. The 5G network is a promising wireless technology to support such scenarios. In this paper, we consider a UAV-to-UAV (U2U) communication scenario, where a UAV at a high altitude acts as a mobile base station (UAV-BS) to stream videos from other flying UAV-users (UAV-UEs) through the uplink. Due to the mobility of the UAV-BS and UAV-UEs, it is important to determine the optimal movements and transmission powers for UAV-BSs and UAV-UEs in real-time, so as to maximize the data rate of video transmission with smoothness and low latency, while mitigating the interference according to the dynamics in fire areas and wireless channel conditions. In this paper, we co-design the video resolution, the movement, and the power control of UAV-BS and UAV-UEs to maximize the Quality of Experience (QoE) of real-time video streaming. We applied the Deep Q-Network (DQN) and Actor-Critic (AC) to maximize the QoE of video transmission from all UAV-UEs to a single UAV-BS to learn the dynamic fire areas and communication environment. Simulation results show the effectiveness of our proposed algorithm in terms of the QoE, delay and video smoothness compared to the Greedy algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5358-5370
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Volume71
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022

Keywords

  • Streaming media
  • Quality of experience
  • Autonomous aerial vehicles
  • Real-time systems
  • Vehicle dynamics
  • Monitoring
  • Optimization
  • Actor Critic (AC)
  • Deep Q Network (DQN)
  • Quality of Experience (QoE)
  • UAV-to-UAV (U2U) communication
  • video streaming

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