QoS Constrained Pilot Allocation Scheme for Massive MIMO Systems

Chenhao Qi, Xuyao Sun, Yansha Deng, Arumugam Nallanathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Different from the existing works, in this paper we investigate the pilot allocation in multi-cell massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems, aiming to maximize the spectral efficiency (SE) subject to the constraint that the number of user equipments (UEs) satisfying the quality of service (QoS) is maximized. Since the considered bilevel optimization problem that is tough to handle, we resort to the greedy algorithms with low computational complexity. We propose a QoS constrained (QC) pilot allocation scheme, which sequentially allocates the pilot sequence having large interference power to the UE with small signal power so that the number of UEs satisfying QoS can be maximized and then the SE can also be maximized. Simulation results show that the propose QC scheme outperforms the conventional scheme and smart pilot allocation (SPA) scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9034109
Pages (from-to)5661-5665
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2020


  • Channel estimation
  • massive MIMO
  • pilot allocation
  • quality of service (QoS)


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