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Quadratic Chabauty for modular curves and modular forms of rank one

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Netan Dogra, Samuel Le Fourn

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages56
JournalMathematische Annalen
Volume2020
Early online date19 Nov 2020
DOIs
Accepted/In press26 Oct 2020
E-pub ahead of print19 Nov 2020

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Abstract

In this paper, we provide refined sufficient conditions for the quadratic Chabauty method on a curve X to produce an effective finite set of points containing the rational points X(Q), with the condition on the rank of the Jacobian of X replaced by condition on the rank of a quotient of the Jacobian plus an associated space of Chow–Heegner points. We then apply this condition to prove the effective finiteness of X(Q) for any modular curve X=X+0(N) or X+ns(N) of genus at least 2 with N prime. The proof relies on the existence of a quotient of their Jacobians whose Mordell–Weil rank is equal to its dimension (and at least 2), which is proven via analytic estimates for orders of vanishing of L-functions of modular forms, thanks to a Kolyvagin–Logachev type result.

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