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Quality of life and functional vision in children treated for cataract-a cross-sectional study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

V K Tailor, Y Abou-Rayyah, J Brookes, P T Khaw, M Papadopoulos, G G W Adams, C Bunce, A Dahlmann-Noor

Original languageEnglish
JournalEye (London, England)
Early online date27 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Jan 2017

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Abstract

Purpose Children with cataract and their families face intensive medical and surgical management, with numerous hospital attendances, topical medications, and surgical procedures, as well as uncertainty about the child's future visual ability, education, and independence. Little is known about the impact on functional visual ability, vision-, and health-related quality of life (VR-, HR-QoL).Patients and methodsSeventy two children aged 2-16 years (mean 8.45, SD 4.1) treated for developmental or secondary cataract and their parents/carers completed three validated instruments measuring functional visual ability, VR-, and HR-QoL: the Cardiff Visual Ability Questionnaire for Children (CVAQC), Impact of Vision Impairment for Children (IVI-C), and PedsQL V 4.0.ResultsAll scores are markedly reduced: median (interquartile range (IQR)) CVAQC score -1.42 (-2.28 to -0.03), mean (SD) IVI-C score 65.67 (16.91), median (IQR) PedsQL family impact score 75 (56.94-88.19), parent report 71.74 (51.98-88.5), self-report 76.09 (61.96-89.13). Psychosocial PedsQL subscores are lower than physical subscores. Parent-completed tools (PedsQL family and parent report) state greater impact on HR-QoL than tools completed by children/young people, particularly in teenagers. Older children/young people have higher functional visual ability scores than younger children.ConclusionsCataract has a marked a long-term impact on functional visual ability and quality of life of children and young people, with HR-QoL affected to degrees reported in children with severe congenital cardiac defects or liver transplants.Eye advance online publication, 27 January 2017; doi:10.1038/eye.2016.323.

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