Quantitative ultrasound and bone mineral density are equally strongly associated with risk factors for osteoporosis

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Abstract

Because resources do not allow all women to be screened for osteoporosis, clinical risk factors are often used to identify those individuals at increased risk of fracture who are then assessed by bone densitometry. The aim of this study was to compare calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS) and axial bone mineral density (BMD) T and Z scores in a large group of women, some with no clinical risk factors and others with one or more risk factors for osteoporosis. The study population consisted of 1115 pre- and postmenopausal women. A subgroup of 530 women was used to construct reference data for calculating T and Z scores. A total of 786 women was found to have one or more of the following risk factors: (i) atraumatic fracture since the age of 25 years, (ii) report of X-ray osteopenia, (iii) predisposing medical condition or use of therapy known to affect bone metabolism, (iv) premature menopause before the age of 25 years or a history of amenorrhea of longer than 6 months duration, (v) family history of osteoporosis, (vi) body. mass index CBR (BMI)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406 - 416
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Bone and Mineral Research
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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