King's College London

Research portal

Quiet echo planar imaging for functional and diffusion MRI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Early online date17 Jun 2017
Accepted/In press31 May 2017
E-pub ahead of print17 Jun 2017


King's Authors


Purpose: To develop a purpose-built quiet echo planar imaging capability for fetal functional and diffusion scans, for which acoustic considerations often compromise efficiency and resolution as well as angular/temporal coverage. Methods: The gradient waveforms in multiband-accelerated single-shot echo planar imaging sequences have been redesigned to minimize spectral content. This includes a sinusoidal read-out with a single fundamental frequency, a constant phase encoding gradient, overlapping smoothed CAIPIRINHA blips, and a novel strategy to merge the crushers in diffusion MRI. These changes are then tuned in conjunction with the gradient system frequency response function. Results: Maintained image quality, SNR, and quantitative diffusion values while reducing acoustic noise up to 12 dB (A) is illustrated in two adult experiments. Fetal experiments in 10 subjects covering a range of parameters depict the adaptability and increased efficiency of quiet echo planar imaging. Conclusion: Purpose-built for highly efficient multiband fetal echo planar imaging studies, the presented framework reduces acoustic noise for all echo planar imaging-based sequences. Full optimization by tuning to the gradient frequency response functions allows for a maximally time-efficient scan within safe limits. This allows ambitious in-utero studies such as functional brain imaging with high spatial/temporal resolution and diffusion scans with high angular/spatial resolution to be run in a highly efficient manner at acceptable sound levels.

Download statistics

No data available

View graph of relations

© 2020 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454