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Rapid review on the effectiveness of continuing professional development in the health sector

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherNIHR Policy Research Unit in Health and Social Care Workforce, The Policy Institute, King's College London
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 11 Nov 2019


King's Authors


The evidence base about the effectiveness of continuing professional development (CPD) is mixed, particularly in terms of material on cost effectiveness and the impact of CPD in terms of long term changes in practice. Most research about CPD has been undertaken with doctors and nurses, with less material on allied health professionals’ experience of CPD. Overall, the findings suggest that:
• A baseline study of CPD for nurses and allied health professionals would be timely
• It is important to identify how NHS professionals spend their new CPD funding,
particularly in terms of what sort of training they find most useful for their current
• There is an opportunity to consult with arms length bodies, professional
organisations, practitioners, patients and carers about the impact of specialist versus
generalist CPD and interprofessional CPD on overall skill mix within the NHS
• A whole systems approach to CPD would be valuable as this would help define the
impact of investment in CPD on productivity, workforce satisfaction and patient

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