Cooper-Knock et al. identify amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) risk variants within non-coding regulatory DNA linked to a known ALS gene, TBK1, but also CAV1 and CAV2. Disease-associated variants reduce CAV1/CAV2 expression and disrupt membrane lipid rafts with consequences for neurotrophic signaling. CAV1 coding sequence also contains ALS-associated mutations.
- amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
- gene enhancers
- membrane lipid rafts
- non-coding DNA
- whole-genome sequencing