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Real-world outcomes in older adults treated with immunotherapy: A United Kingdom multicenter series of 2,049 patients.

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Anna Olsson-Brown, Mark Baxter, Caroline Dobeson, Laura Feeney, Rebecca Lee, Alec Maynard, Shagufta Mirza, Lisa Jane Rodgers, Abdulazeez Salawu, Rohan Shotton, Nadina Tinsley, Jonathan Heseltine, Jenny Cotton, Daniel Hughes, Steven Zhao, James Parry, Christopher Jones, Michael Rowe, Ann Tivey, The U.K. National Oncology Trainee Collaboration for Healthcare Research (NOTCH)

Original languageEnglish
Article number12026
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume39
Issue numberno. 15_suppl
DOIs
Published20 May 2021

King's Authors

Abstract

Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy is now commonly used in a range of tumours and settings. Most data relating to outcomes and rates of immune-related adverse events (irAE) is derived from clinical trial or registry populations and small case series. Limited data exist for patients aged > 75 years. Here we present a multi-centre, real-world analysis of the outcomes and incidence of irAEs in older adults managed within a single comprehensive public health service. We also compare these outcomes to younger patients in the same cohort. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 2049 patients treated with ICIs was undertaken across 12 centres. All patients were managed within the UK National Health Service outside of a trial setting between June 2016 and September 2018. Patients received either ICI monotherapy (MT) or duel combination ICI therapy (CT) for malignant melanoma (MM), non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) or renal cell cancer (RCC). Data were collected using a standardised, collection tool. IrAEs ≥ grade 2 or all-grade endocrinopathies were recorded as per the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (V5) (CTCAE). Statistical analyses were performed using T-tests, Mann-Whitney and Chi-squared. Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank test were used for overall survival (OS) analysis. Results: 409 (20%) of patients were aged > 75 years(a), 1413 (69%) aged 50-75(b) and 227 (11.1%) aged < 50(c). There was no difference in sex, ethnicity or PD-L1 status (in the NSCLC cohort) between groups. Older patients were less likely to receive combination therapy (3%(a) v 13%(b) v 34%(c), p < 0.001). There was no difference in median OS across age groups in the cohort as a whole (p = 0.822) or for the individual tumour groups when treated with single agent ICI. Across the total cohort patients aged > 75 had no increased risk of any irAE (35%(a) v 33%(b) v 41%(c),p = 0.074). However there was an increase in irAEs in older patients treated with MT (36%(a) v 26(b) v 25%(c), p = 0.011) However there was no difference in the > 75s with regard to severe (G3/4) toxicity, toxicity type, admission or discontinuation due to toxicity in the aPD-1 group. In the overall cohort younger patients were more likely to develop irAEs and be admitted. Conclusions: Patients aged > 75 years treated with anti-PD1 therapy in the standard of care setting derive similar survival benefit to younger patients. There was no increase in ≥G3 toxicity. Our data support the safety of single agent aPD-1 ICI therapy in older adults and provide reassurance relating to the impact of toxicity.

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