Receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors negatively impact on pro-reparative characteristics of human cardiac progenitor cells

Andrew J. Smith*, Prashant Ruchaya, Robert Walmsley, Kathleen E. Wright, Fiona C. Lewis-McDougall, Jacquelyn Bond, Georgina M. Ellison-Hughes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors improve cancer survival but their cardiotoxicity requires investigation. We investigated these inhibitors’ effects on human cardiac progenitor cells in vitro and rat heart in vivo. We applied imatinib, sunitinib or sorafenib to human cardiac progenitor cells, assessing cell viability, proliferation, stemness, differentiation, growth factor production and second messengers. Alongside, sunitinib effects were assessed in vivo. Inhibitors decreased (p < 0.05) cell viability, at levels equivalent to ‘peak’ (24 h; imatinib: 91.5 ± 0.9%; sunitinib: 83.9 ± 1.8%; sorafenib: 75.0 ± 1.6%) and ‘trough’ (7 days; imatinib: 62.3 ± 6.2%; sunitinib: 86.2 ± 3.5%) clinical plasma levels, compared to control (100% viability). Reduced (p < 0.05) cell cycle activity was seen with imatinib (29.3 ± 4.3% cells in S/G2/M-phases; 50.3 ± 5.1% in control). Expression of PECAM-1, Nkx2.5, Wnt2, linked with cell differentiation, were decreased (p < 0.05) 2, 2 and 6-fold, respectively. Expression of HGF, p38 and Akt1 in cells was reduced (p < 0.05) by sunitinib. Second messenger (p38 and Akt1) blockade affected progenitor cell phenotype, reducing c-kit and growth factor (HGF, EGF) expression. Sunitinib for 9 days (40 mg/kg, i.p.) in adult rats reduced (p < 0.05) cardiac ejection fraction (68 ± 2% vs. baseline (83 ± 1%) and control (84 ± 4%)) and reduced progenitor cell numbers. Receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors reduce cardiac progenitor cell survival, proliferation, differentiation and reparative growth factor expression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10132
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

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