King's College London

Research portal

Recommendations for services for people living with chronic breathlessness in advanced disease: Results of a transparent expert consultation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Lisa Jane Brighton, India Tunnard, Morag Farquhar, Sara Booth, Sophie Miller, Deokhee Yi, Wei Gao, Sabrina Bajwah, William D.C. Man, Charles C. Reilly, Margaret Ogden, Sylvia Bailey, Colleen Ewart, Irene J. Higginson, Matthew Maddocks

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1479973118816448
JournalChronic Respiratory Disease
Early online date30 Dec 2018
Accepted/In press6 Oct 2018
E-pub ahead of print30 Dec 2018
Published23 Feb 2019


King's Authors


Chronic breathlessness is highly distressing for people with advanced disease and their informal carers, yet health services for this group remain highly heterogeneous. We aimed to generate evidence-based stakeholder-endorsed recommendations for practice, policy and research concerning services for people with advanced disease and chronic breathlessness. We used transparent expert consultation, comprising modified nominal group technique during a stakeholder workshop, and an online consensus survey. Stakeholders, representing multiple specialities and professions, and patient/carers were invited to participate. Thirty-seven participants attended the stakeholder workshop and generated 34 separate recommendations, rated by 74 online survey respondents. Seven recommendations had strong agreement and high levels of consensus. Stakeholders agreed services should be person-centred and flexible, should cut across multiple disciplines and providers and should prioritize breathlessness management in its own right. They advocated for wide geographical coverage and access to expert care, supported through skills-sharing among professionals. They also recommended recognition of informal carers and their role by clinicians and policymakers. Overall, stakeholders' recommendations reflect the need for improved access to person-centred, multi-professional care and support for carers to provide or access breathlessness management interventions. Future research should test the optimal models of care and educational strategies to meet these recommendations.

Download statistics

No data available

View graph of relations

© 2020 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454