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Redox biomarker baseline levels in cattle tissues and their relationships with meat quality

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Zoi Skaperda, Angeliki Argyriadou, Paraskevi Maria Nechalioti, Maria Alvanou, Sotiria Makri, Efterpi Bouroutzika, Ioannis D. Kyriazis, Fotios Tekos, Aristidis S. Veskoukis, Theodoros Kallitsis, Robin Mesnage, Georgios Arsenos, Demetrios Kouretas

Original languageEnglish
Article number958
JournalAntioxidants
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
PublishedJun 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: The study was co-financed by the European Union and Greek national funds through the Operational Program ?Competitiveness, Entrepreneurship and Innovation?, under the call ?RESEARCH?CREATE?INNOVATE? (project code: T1EDK-05479). Publisher Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

King's Authors

Abstract

Cattle breeds or crossbreds with high productivity traits have been developed to meet a growing demand for food. When intensive farming practices are followed, animals face several challenges which can result in poor performance, compromised welfare and the reduced quality of their products. Our study aims to highlight the resting values of the physiological oxidative stress that three cattle breeds exhibit, and their potential relationship with meat quality. For this purpose, we determined the levels of five common redox biomarkers (glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS) and protein carbonyls (CARBS)) in the tissues of three commonly used beef cattle breeds (Charolais (CHA), Limousin (LIM) and Simmental (SIM)) and their association with specific meat quality traits that depend on color, pH and texture. The results revealed that LIM cattle breed animals have elevated intrinsic antioxidant defense systems in comparison to CHA and SIM cattle breed animals. In addition, the meat quality parameters were associated with the redox biomarkers. We propose that the determination of specific antioxidant parameters in the blood might be used as potential biomarkers to predict meat quality. This would allow farmers to nutritionally intervene to improve the quality of their products.

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