Reduction of an in vitro Intraradicular Multispecies Biofilm Using Two Rotary Instrumentation Sequences

Angelo Zavattini*, Jonathan Cowie, Sadia Niazi, Massimo Giovarruscio, Salvatore Sauro, Federico Foschi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objective The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect per se of two shaping and cleaning techniques on the reduction of an in vitro multispecies biofilm. Materials and Methods A total of 39 freshly extracted monoradicular teeth for periodontal reason were decoronated. Roots were sectioned longitudinally. After autoclaving, a specific stressed biofilm was grown on the root halves that were subsequently reassembled in a silicone index. Two treatments (n = 9 each)-RaCe (Schottlander; Letchworth Garden City, United Kingdom) and ProTaper Gold (PTG; Dentsply Maillefer, Baillagues, Switzerland)-were tested; three noninstrumented samples served as a control group and three were rinsed with saline. Posttreatment samples were taken at three different levels of the root. Colony-forming units were counted after incubations. Additionally, three treatments (n = 5 each)-RaCe, PTG, and saline only-were evaluated under a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Statistical Analysis Statistical analysis was conducted using Tukey's test and analysis of variance to evaluate the post-instrumentation bioburden. Results Both instrumentations were able to reduce the biofilm; however, differences were not present between them (p > 0.05). CLSM showed biofilm killing and disruption through mechanical shaping alone. Conclusions Intraradicular biofilm is reduced with mechanical shaping. There was no difference between RaCe and PTG systems in biofilm reduction despite differences in design, file sequence, and rotational speed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Dentistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020


  • biofilm
  • chemomechanical preparation
  • confocal microscope
  • endodontic infection
  • ProTaper Gold
  • RaCe
  • root canal


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