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Refugees in uniform: community policing as a technology of government in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya

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Refugees in uniform : community policing as a technology of government in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya. / Brankamp, Hanno.

In: Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 14, No. 2, 02.04.2020, p. 270-290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Brankamp, H 2020, 'Refugees in uniform: community policing as a technology of government in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya', Journal of Eastern African Studies, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 270-290. https://doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2020.1725318

APA

Brankamp, H. (2020). Refugees in uniform: community policing as a technology of government in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya. Journal of Eastern African Studies, 14(2), 270-290. https://doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2020.1725318

Vancouver

Brankamp H. Refugees in uniform: community policing as a technology of government in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya. Journal of Eastern African Studies. 2020 Apr 2;14(2):270-290. https://doi.org/10.1080/17531055.2020.1725318

Author

Brankamp, Hanno. / Refugees in uniform : community policing as a technology of government in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya. In: Journal of Eastern African Studies. 2020 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 270-290.

Bibtex Download

@article{04e875d7e73b49869f0f728659181a9e,
title = "Refugees in uniform: community policing as a technology of government in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya",
abstract = "Community policing has been a popular paradigm for local anti-crime activities in Africa since the 1990s and spread rapidly across the continent. Humanitarian agencies have increasingly embraced versions of the framework to administer refugee camps and ostensibly foster security, protection and peaceful co-existence among residents. This article demonstrates that the deployment of community policing in Kakuma camp in north-western Kenya has been far more contested. Aid organisations and Kenyan authorities have competed in determining the orientation and implementation of community policing at a time when the government was intensifying both securitisation of refugees and counter-terrorism measures. Kakuma{\textquoteleft}s Community Peace and Protection Teams (CPPTs) were therefore torn between humanitarian conceptions of localised refugee protection and more illiberal forms of security work which bound them closer to the Kenyan state. The permanent negotiation between these parallel {\textquoteleft}technologies of government' was reflected in contestations over uniforms, trainings and everyday practices. Powerful institutions attempted to script refugee conduct and thus discipline the camp's pluralistic social networks and forms of counter-organisation embedded in a {\textquoteleft}deep community{\textquoteright}. Based on ethnographic fieldwork, the article illustrates that governing refugees through community policing blurs the lines between humanitarian protection, domesticating local systems of governance, and expanding the security state.",
keywords = "Community policing, governmentality, humanitarianism, Kakuma, Kenya, local protection, refugee camp, refugees",
author = "Hanno Brankamp",
year = "2020",
month = apr,
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/17531055.2020.1725318",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "270--290",
journal = "Journal of Eastern African Studies",
issn = "1753-1055",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Refugees in uniform

T2 - community policing as a technology of government in Kakuma refugee camp, Kenya

AU - Brankamp, Hanno

PY - 2020/4/2

Y1 - 2020/4/2

N2 - Community policing has been a popular paradigm for local anti-crime activities in Africa since the 1990s and spread rapidly across the continent. Humanitarian agencies have increasingly embraced versions of the framework to administer refugee camps and ostensibly foster security, protection and peaceful co-existence among residents. This article demonstrates that the deployment of community policing in Kakuma camp in north-western Kenya has been far more contested. Aid organisations and Kenyan authorities have competed in determining the orientation and implementation of community policing at a time when the government was intensifying both securitisation of refugees and counter-terrorism measures. Kakuma‘s Community Peace and Protection Teams (CPPTs) were therefore torn between humanitarian conceptions of localised refugee protection and more illiberal forms of security work which bound them closer to the Kenyan state. The permanent negotiation between these parallel ‘technologies of government' was reflected in contestations over uniforms, trainings and everyday practices. Powerful institutions attempted to script refugee conduct and thus discipline the camp's pluralistic social networks and forms of counter-organisation embedded in a ‘deep community’. Based on ethnographic fieldwork, the article illustrates that governing refugees through community policing blurs the lines between humanitarian protection, domesticating local systems of governance, and expanding the security state.

AB - Community policing has been a popular paradigm for local anti-crime activities in Africa since the 1990s and spread rapidly across the continent. Humanitarian agencies have increasingly embraced versions of the framework to administer refugee camps and ostensibly foster security, protection and peaceful co-existence among residents. This article demonstrates that the deployment of community policing in Kakuma camp in north-western Kenya has been far more contested. Aid organisations and Kenyan authorities have competed in determining the orientation and implementation of community policing at a time when the government was intensifying both securitisation of refugees and counter-terrorism measures. Kakuma‘s Community Peace and Protection Teams (CPPTs) were therefore torn between humanitarian conceptions of localised refugee protection and more illiberal forms of security work which bound them closer to the Kenyan state. The permanent negotiation between these parallel ‘technologies of government' was reflected in contestations over uniforms, trainings and everyday practices. Powerful institutions attempted to script refugee conduct and thus discipline the camp's pluralistic social networks and forms of counter-organisation embedded in a ‘deep community’. Based on ethnographic fieldwork, the article illustrates that governing refugees through community policing blurs the lines between humanitarian protection, domesticating local systems of governance, and expanding the security state.

KW - Community policing

KW - governmentality

KW - humanitarianism

KW - Kakuma

KW - Kenya

KW - local protection

KW - refugee camp

KW - refugees

U2 - 10.1080/17531055.2020.1725318

DO - 10.1080/17531055.2020.1725318

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 270

EP - 290

JO - Journal of Eastern African Studies

JF - Journal of Eastern African Studies

SN - 1753-1055

IS - 2

ER -

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