Register-based studies of cancer screening effects

My Von Euler-Chelpin, Elsebeth Lynge, Matejka Rebolj

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    INTRODUCTION: There are two organised cancer screening programmes in Denmark, against cervical and breast cancers. The aim with this study was to give an overview of the available register-based research regarding these two programmes, to demonstrate the usefulness of data from the national registers.

    RESEARCH TOPICS: The register-based studies on cancer screening in Denmark could be grouped into research concerning effectiveness, in terms of mortality and incidence reduction, short-term indicators, e.g. in relation to recommended quality assurance indicators, and side effects, e.g. as false-positive results and overdiagnosis.

    CONCLUSION: The results indicate that registers have proven to be a valuable tool in evaluating the effects of ongoing screening activities. As they cannot be systematically used to test new screening technologies, register-based studies should not be seen as an alternative to randomised controlled trials, but as a supplement.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)158-64
    Number of pages7
    JournalSCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
    Volume39
    Issue number7 Suppl
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

    Keywords

    • Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology
    • Denmark/epidemiology
    • Female
    • Humans
    • Mammography
    • Mass Screening/adverse effects
    • Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
    • Program Evaluation
    • Registries/standards
    • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology
    • Vaginal Smears

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