Regulating N-doping strategies to construct 3D interconnected abundant porous N-doped carbon for polarization loss-enhanced microwave absorbers: Theory, design, and experiments

Qingwen Fan, Chaoyun Song*, Peng Fu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The widespread proliferation of modern portable electronic devices has necessitated the development of functional materials with high-efficiency microwave absorption properties. In this study, we utilized biomass-derived jujube shells as a carbon source and employed a nitrogen-doping process to modify carbon materials, resulting in the fabrication of outstanding microwave-absorbing biomass-based nitrogen-doped porous carbon. Additionally, we discussed the influence of different nitrogen sources on material structure and microwave absorption performance. These N-doped porous carbon materials exhibited excellent specific surface areas, particularly Org-N, which facilitated the formation of conductive networks and the multi-stage reflection and scattering of microwave. Moreover, N-doping created numerous defect sites and heterogeneous structures, improving impedance matching, thus promoting dipole polarization and interface polarization effects, which accelerated electron migration and interlayer hopping, contributing to the attenuation of microwave energy. The lowest reflection loss for Org-N, Inorg-N, and Mixed-N reached −27.3 dB, −40.9 dB, and −45.6 dB, respectively. Mixed-N exhibited optimal microwave absorption performance at 9.9 GHz with d = 2.4 mm and achieved an effective absorption bandwidth (EAB10) of 3.0 GHz (11.0 GHz–14.0 GHz) at d = 2.0 mm. Additionally, the enhancement of polarization relaxation effects was elucidated by examining the charge density distribution in molecular models featuring various N-doping forms. Consequently, biomass-derived N-doped porous carbon materials emerge as lightweight and highly efficient functional materials for microwave absorption purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number140118
JournalJOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION
Volume434
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • DFT calculation
  • Microwave absorption
  • Nitrogen doping
  • Porous carbon

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