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Regulating Physician Associates (PAs) and Anaesthesia Associates (AAs): a rapid review

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned reportpeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherNIHR Policy Research Unit in Health and Social Care Workforce, The Policy Institute, King's College London
Commissioning bodyNIHR Policy Research Programme
Number of pages30
Published29 Oct 2020


King's Authors


A Physician Associate (PA) is a ‘new healthcare professional who, while not a doctor, works to the medical model, with the attitudes, skills and knowledge base to deliver holistic care and treatment within the general medical and/or general practice team under defined levels of supervision’ (Health Education England, 2012). While there are far fewer Anaesthesia Associates (AAs) (formerly known as Physician Assistants (Anaesthesia) until July 2019) this review also covers this role, distinguishing it where possible. AAs are defined as a separate profession ‘with a different set of competencies which enable them to work under the supervision of anaesthetists within the operating theatre environment’ (Royal College of Physicians).

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