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Regulation of ERK basal and pulsatile activity control proliferation and exit from the stem cell compartment in mammalian epidermis

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Regulation of ERK basal and pulsatile activity control proliferation and exit from the stem cell compartment in mammalian epidermis. / Hiratsuka, Toru; Bordeu, Ignacio; Pruessner, Gunnar; Watt, Fiona M.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 117, No. 30, 28.07.2020, p. 17796-17807.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Hiratsuka, T, Bordeu, I, Pruessner, G & Watt, FM 2020, 'Regulation of ERK basal and pulsatile activity control proliferation and exit from the stem cell compartment in mammalian epidermis', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 117, no. 30, pp. 17796-17807. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2006965117

APA

Hiratsuka, T., Bordeu, I., Pruessner, G., & Watt, F. M. (2020). Regulation of ERK basal and pulsatile activity control proliferation and exit from the stem cell compartment in mammalian epidermis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(30), 17796-17807. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2006965117

Vancouver

Hiratsuka T, Bordeu I, Pruessner G, Watt FM. Regulation of ERK basal and pulsatile activity control proliferation and exit from the stem cell compartment in mammalian epidermis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2020 Jul 28;117(30):17796-17807. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2006965117

Author

Hiratsuka, Toru ; Bordeu, Ignacio ; Pruessner, Gunnar ; Watt, Fiona M. / Regulation of ERK basal and pulsatile activity control proliferation and exit from the stem cell compartment in mammalian epidermis. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2020 ; Vol. 117, No. 30. pp. 17796-17807.

Bibtex Download

@article{db797f66603d4f439a87e452fe455c5a,
title = "Regulation of ERK basal and pulsatile activity control proliferation and exit from the stem cell compartment in mammalian epidermis",
abstract = "Fluctuation in signal transduction pathways is frequently observed during mammalian development. However, its role in regulating stem cells has not been explored. Here we tracked spatiotemporal ERK MAPK dynamics in human epidermal stem cells. While stem cells and differentiated cells were distinguished by high and low stable basal ERK activity, respectively, we also found cells with pulsatile ERK activity. Transitions from Basalhi-Pulselo (stem) to Basalhi-Pulsehi, Basalmid-Pulsehi, and Basallo-Pulselo (differentiated) cells occurred in expanding keratinocyte colonies and in response to differentiation stimuli. Pharmacological inhibition of ERK induced differentiation only when cells were in the Basalmid-Pulsehi state. Basal ERK activity and pulses were differentially regulated by DUSP10 and DUSP6, leading us to speculate that DUSP6-mediated ERK pulse down-regulation promotes initiation of differentiation, whereas DUSP10-mediated down-regulation of mean ERK activity promotes and stabilizes postcommitment differentiation. Levels of MAPK1/MAPK3 transcripts correlated with DUSP6 and DUSP10 transcripts in individual cells, suggesting that ERK activity is negatively regulated by transcriptional and posttranslational mechanisms. When cells were cultured on a topography that mimics the epidermal-dermal interface, spatial segregation of mean ERK activity and pulses was observed. In vivo imaging of mouse epidermis revealed a patterned distribution of basal cells with pulsatile ERK activity, and down-regulation was linked to the onset of differentiation. Our findings demonstrate that ERK MAPK signal fluctuations link kinase activity to stem cell dynamics.",
keywords = "ERK, cell signaling, keratinocytes, live imaging, stem cells",
author = "Toru Hiratsuka and Ignacio Bordeu and Gunnar Pruessner and Watt, {Fiona M}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 the Author(s). Published by PNAS.",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
day = "28",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.2006965117",
language = "English",
volume = "117",
pages = "17796--17807",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
publisher = "National Acad Sciences",
number = "30",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Regulation of ERK basal and pulsatile activity control proliferation and exit from the stem cell compartment in mammalian epidermis

AU - Hiratsuka, Toru

AU - Bordeu, Ignacio

AU - Pruessner, Gunnar

AU - Watt, Fiona M

N1 - Copyright © 2020 the Author(s). Published by PNAS.

PY - 2020/7/28

Y1 - 2020/7/28

N2 - Fluctuation in signal transduction pathways is frequently observed during mammalian development. However, its role in regulating stem cells has not been explored. Here we tracked spatiotemporal ERK MAPK dynamics in human epidermal stem cells. While stem cells and differentiated cells were distinguished by high and low stable basal ERK activity, respectively, we also found cells with pulsatile ERK activity. Transitions from Basalhi-Pulselo (stem) to Basalhi-Pulsehi, Basalmid-Pulsehi, and Basallo-Pulselo (differentiated) cells occurred in expanding keratinocyte colonies and in response to differentiation stimuli. Pharmacological inhibition of ERK induced differentiation only when cells were in the Basalmid-Pulsehi state. Basal ERK activity and pulses were differentially regulated by DUSP10 and DUSP6, leading us to speculate that DUSP6-mediated ERK pulse down-regulation promotes initiation of differentiation, whereas DUSP10-mediated down-regulation of mean ERK activity promotes and stabilizes postcommitment differentiation. Levels of MAPK1/MAPK3 transcripts correlated with DUSP6 and DUSP10 transcripts in individual cells, suggesting that ERK activity is negatively regulated by transcriptional and posttranslational mechanisms. When cells were cultured on a topography that mimics the epidermal-dermal interface, spatial segregation of mean ERK activity and pulses was observed. In vivo imaging of mouse epidermis revealed a patterned distribution of basal cells with pulsatile ERK activity, and down-regulation was linked to the onset of differentiation. Our findings demonstrate that ERK MAPK signal fluctuations link kinase activity to stem cell dynamics.

AB - Fluctuation in signal transduction pathways is frequently observed during mammalian development. However, its role in regulating stem cells has not been explored. Here we tracked spatiotemporal ERK MAPK dynamics in human epidermal stem cells. While stem cells and differentiated cells were distinguished by high and low stable basal ERK activity, respectively, we also found cells with pulsatile ERK activity. Transitions from Basalhi-Pulselo (stem) to Basalhi-Pulsehi, Basalmid-Pulsehi, and Basallo-Pulselo (differentiated) cells occurred in expanding keratinocyte colonies and in response to differentiation stimuli. Pharmacological inhibition of ERK induced differentiation only when cells were in the Basalmid-Pulsehi state. Basal ERK activity and pulses were differentially regulated by DUSP10 and DUSP6, leading us to speculate that DUSP6-mediated ERK pulse down-regulation promotes initiation of differentiation, whereas DUSP10-mediated down-regulation of mean ERK activity promotes and stabilizes postcommitment differentiation. Levels of MAPK1/MAPK3 transcripts correlated with DUSP6 and DUSP10 transcripts in individual cells, suggesting that ERK activity is negatively regulated by transcriptional and posttranslational mechanisms. When cells were cultured on a topography that mimics the epidermal-dermal interface, spatial segregation of mean ERK activity and pulses was observed. In vivo imaging of mouse epidermis revealed a patterned distribution of basal cells with pulsatile ERK activity, and down-regulation was linked to the onset of differentiation. Our findings demonstrate that ERK MAPK signal fluctuations link kinase activity to stem cell dynamics.

KW - ERK

KW - cell signaling

KW - keratinocytes

KW - live imaging

KW - stem cells

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85088882199&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.2006965117

DO - 10.1073/pnas.2006965117

M3 - Article

C2 - 32651268

VL - 117

SP - 17796

EP - 17807

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 30

ER -

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