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Regulatory focus and safety outcomes: An examination of the mediating influence of safety behavior

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Samuel Aryee, Hsin-Hua Hsiung

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-35
Number of pages9
Early online date27 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

King's Authors


We proposed and tested a model of the relationship between regulatory focus, safety behaviors, and safety outcomes. Specifically, we hypothesized regulatory foci (promotion and prevention) to relate to the safety outcomes (safety-related events and injuries) through safety behaviors (unsafe behavior and safety initiative). Data were obtained at two time points 6 months apart from frontline firefighters and their supervisors drawn from New Taipei City Government. The results of multilevel structural equation modeling (MSEM) revealed that promotion focus related to safety-related events and injuries through safety initiative while prevention focus related to safety-related events (but not injuries) through unsafe behavior. Our findings reinforce the utility of distinguishing between safety behaviors and outcomes as well as the role of a motivational framework in understanding workplace safety.

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