King's College London

Research portal

Reintervention After Antireflux Surgery for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in England

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sheraz R. Markar, Chanpreet Arhi, Tom Wiggins, Alberto Vidal-Diez, Alan Karthikesalingam, Ara Darzi, Jesper Lagergren, George B. Hanna

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-715
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020

King's Authors


BACKGROUND: After antireflux surgery, highly variable rates of recurrent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) have been reported. OBJECTIVE: To identify the occurrence and risk factors of recurrent GERD requiring surgical reintervention or medication. METHODS: The Hospital Episode Statistics database was used to identify adults in England receiving primary antireflux surgery for GERD in 2000 to 2012 with follow-up through 2014, and the outcome was surgical reintervention. In a subset of participants, the Clinical Practice Research Datalink was additionally used to assess proton pump inhibitor therapy for at least 6 months (medical reintervention). Risk factors were assessed using multivariable Cox regression providing adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). RESULTS: Among 22,377 patients who underwent primary antireflux surgery in the Hospital Episode Statistics dataset, 811 (3.6%) had surgical reintervention, with risk factors being age 41 to 60 years (HR = 1.22, 95% CI 1.03-1.44), female sex (HR = 1.5; 95% CI 1.3-1.74), white ethnicity (HR = 1.71, 95% CI 1.06-2.77), and low hospital annual volume of antireflux surgery (HR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.04-1.67). Among 2005 patients who underwent primary antireflux surgery in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink dataset, 189 (9.4%) had surgical reintervention and 1192 (59.5%) used proton pump inhibitor therapy, with risk factors for the combined outcome being age >60 years (HR = 2.38, 95% CI 1.81-3.13) and preoperative psychiatric morbidity (HR = 1.58, 95% CI 1.25-1.99). CONCLUSION: At least 3.6% of patients may require surgical reintervention and 59.5% medical therapy following antireflux surgery in England. The influence of patient characteristics and hospital volume highlights the need for patient selection and surgical experience in successful antireflux surgery.

View graph of relations

© 2018 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454