Relationship Between Arterial Partial Oxygen Pressure After Resuscitation From Cardiac Arrest and Mortality in Children

Lee P. Ferguson*, Andrew Durward , Shane Tibby

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    96 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background-Observational studies in adults have shown a worse outcome associated with hyperoxia after resuscitation from cardiac arrest. Extrapolating from adult data, current pediatric resuscitation guidelines recommend avoiding hyperoxia. We investigated the relationship between arterial partial oxygen pressure and survival in patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) after cardiac arrest.

    Methods and Results-We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Pediatric Intensive Care Audit Network (PICANet) database between 2003 and 2010 (n=122 521). Patients aged = 300 mm Hg) and 448 (24%) had hypoxia (PaO2 <60 mm Hg). We found a significant nonlinear relationship between PaO2 and PICU mortality. After covariate adjustment, risk of death increased sharply with increasing hypoxia (odds ratio, 1.92; 95% confidence interval, 1.80-2.21 at PaO2 of 23 mm Hg). There was also an association with increasing hyperoxia, although not as dramatic as that for hypoxia (odds ratio, 1.25; 95% confidence interval, 1.17-1.37 at 600 mm Hg). We observed an increasing mortality risk with advancing age, which was more pronounced in the presence of congenital heart disease.

    Conclusions-Both severe hypoxia and, to a lesser extent, hyperoxia are associated with an increased risk of death after PICU admission after cardiac arrest.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)335-342
    Number of pages8
    JournalCirculation (Baltimore)
    Volume126
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2012

    Keywords

    • cardiac arrest
    • cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    • heart arrest
    • oxygen
    • pediatrics
    • AMERICAN-HEART-ASSOCIATION
    • IN-HOSPITAL MORTALITY
    • CARDIOPULMONARY-RESUSCITATION
    • MULTICENTER COHORT
    • LIFE-SUPPORT
    • BRAIN-INJURY
    • CARE
    • EPIDEMIOLOGY
    • GUIDELINES
    • HYPEROXIA

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