King's College London

Research portal

Relationship between self-discrepancy and worries about penis size in men with body dysmorphic disorder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

David Veale, Sarah Miles, Julie Read, Sally Bramley, Andrea Troglia, Lina Carmona, Chiara Fiorito, Hannah Wells, Kevan Wylie, Gordon Muir

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-56
Number of pages9
JournalBody Image
Early online date4 Mar 2016
Accepted/In press7 Feb 2016
E-pub ahead of print4 Mar 2016
PublishedJun 2016


King's Authors


Abstract We explored self-discrepancy in men with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) concerned about penis size, men without BDD but anxious about penis size, and controls. Men with BDD (n = 26) were compared to those with small penis anxiety (SPA; n = 31) and controls (n = 33), objectively (by measuring) and investigating self-discrepancy: actual size, ideal size, and size they felt they should be according to self and other. Most men under-estimated their penis size, with the BDD group showing the greatest discrepancy between perceived and ideal size. The SPA group showed a larger discrepancy than controls. This was replicated for the perceptions of others, suggesting the BDD group internalised the belief that they should have a larger penis size. There was a significant correlation between symptoms of BDD and this discrepancy. This self-actual and self-ideal/self-should discrepancy and the role of comparing could be targeted in therapy.

Download statistics

No data available

View graph of relations

© 2018 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454