King's College London

Research portal

Relationships between plant-soil feedbacks and functional traits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Standard

Relationships between plant-soil feedbacks and functional traits. / Xi, N; Adler, P; Chen, D; Wu, H; Catford, Jane; van Bodegom, P; Bahn, M; Crawford, K; Chu, C.

In: JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, Vol. 109, No. 9, 09.2021, p. 3411-3423.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Xi, N, Adler, P, Chen, D, Wu, H, Catford, J, van Bodegom, P, Bahn, M, Crawford, K & Chu, C 2021, 'Relationships between plant-soil feedbacks and functional traits', JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, vol. 109, no. 9, pp. 3411-3423. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13731

APA

Xi, N., Adler, P., Chen, D., Wu, H., Catford, J., van Bodegom, P., Bahn, M., Crawford, K., & Chu, C. (2021). Relationships between plant-soil feedbacks and functional traits. JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, 109(9), 3411-3423. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13731

Vancouver

Xi N, Adler P, Chen D, Wu H, Catford J, van Bodegom P et al. Relationships between plant-soil feedbacks and functional traits. JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY. 2021 Sep;109(9):3411-3423. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13731

Author

Xi, N ; Adler, P ; Chen, D ; Wu, H ; Catford, Jane ; van Bodegom, P ; Bahn, M ; Crawford, K ; Chu, C. / Relationships between plant-soil feedbacks and functional traits. In: JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY. 2021 ; Vol. 109, No. 9. pp. 3411-3423.

Bibtex Download

@article{e87b46ec563f43178102d9e164051102,
title = "Relationships between plant-soil feedbacks and functional traits",
abstract = "Plant–soil feedbacks (PSF) and functional traits are two active but not well theoretically integrated areas of research. However, PSF and traits are both affected by life-history evolution, so the two should theoretically be related. We provide a conceptual framework to link plant functional traits to two types of PSF metrics, and hypothesize that individual PSF (plant performance in conspecific vs. heterospecific soil) should be related to the fast–slow trait spectrum, whereas pairwise PSF (the sum of the individual feedbacks for two species growing in each other's soils) should be related to trait dissimilarity. We performed meta-analyses to test these hypotheses by compiling two datasets, one dataset consisting of individual PSF values and plant trait values (specific leaf area, SLA; leaf N concentration, LNC; specific root length, SRL; fine root diameter, FRD; plant height; seed mass), and the second consisting of pairwise PSF values and trait dissimilarity. Our meta-analyses showed that individual PSF values were more negative in faster-growing species with greater SLA, LNC and SRL, supporting the growth–defence trade-off hypothesis. Plant height was positively correlated with individual PSF, perhaps because large, long-lived plants defend against pathogens better than smaller, shorter-lived plants. We also found that larger-seeded species had more positive or less negative PSF, likely reflecting greater tolerance of soil pathogens. The direction of relationships between trait dissimilarity and pairwise PSF varied with trait identity. Dissimilarities in SRL and FRD were negatively correlated with pairwise PSF while height dissimilarity was positively correlated with pairwise PSF. The contrasting relationships may reflect distinct links between trait dissimilarity and niche and fitness differences. Synthesis. Our results demonstrate how an integration of PSF and trait-based approaches can advance plant community ecology.",
keywords = "functional traits, growth-defence trade-off, niche differentiation, phenotypic dissimilarity, plant-soil (below-ground) interactions, species coexistence, species-specialized pathogens, mutualists",
author = "N Xi and P Adler and D Chen and H Wu and Jane Catford and {van Bodegom}, P and M Bahn and K Crawford and C Chu",
note = "Funding Information: We thank Yang Chen and Songling Liu for their assistance in data collection and analyses, and Dr. Juliette M. G. Bloor, Dr. Marina Semchenko and Prof. James Bever for their constructive comments on the study. We also thank the handling editors Prof. David Gibson and Dr. Ana Pineda and three reviewers (Jonathan De Long and two anonymous reviewers) for their constructive comments on our initial manuscript. The study has been supported by the TRY initiative on plant traits ( https://www.try‐db.org/TryWeb/Home.php ), and was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31600342 to N.X.; 31925027, 31622014 and 31570426 to C.C.). P.B.A. was supported by the United States National Science Foundation (DEB‐1655522). Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 British Ecological Society",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1111/1365-2745.13731",
language = "English",
volume = "109",
pages = "3411--3423",
journal = "JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY",
issn = "0022-0477",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "9",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationships between plant-soil feedbacks and functional traits

AU - Xi, N

AU - Adler, P

AU - Chen, D

AU - Wu, H

AU - Catford, Jane

AU - van Bodegom, P

AU - Bahn, M

AU - Crawford, K

AU - Chu, C

N1 - Funding Information: We thank Yang Chen and Songling Liu for their assistance in data collection and analyses, and Dr. Juliette M. G. Bloor, Dr. Marina Semchenko and Prof. James Bever for their constructive comments on the study. We also thank the handling editors Prof. David Gibson and Dr. Ana Pineda and three reviewers (Jonathan De Long and two anonymous reviewers) for their constructive comments on our initial manuscript. The study has been supported by the TRY initiative on plant traits ( https://www.try‐db.org/TryWeb/Home.php ), and was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31600342 to N.X.; 31925027, 31622014 and 31570426 to C.C.). P.B.A. was supported by the United States National Science Foundation (DEB‐1655522). Publisher Copyright: © 2021 British Ecological Society

PY - 2021/9

Y1 - 2021/9

N2 - Plant–soil feedbacks (PSF) and functional traits are two active but not well theoretically integrated areas of research. However, PSF and traits are both affected by life-history evolution, so the two should theoretically be related. We provide a conceptual framework to link plant functional traits to two types of PSF metrics, and hypothesize that individual PSF (plant performance in conspecific vs. heterospecific soil) should be related to the fast–slow trait spectrum, whereas pairwise PSF (the sum of the individual feedbacks for two species growing in each other's soils) should be related to trait dissimilarity. We performed meta-analyses to test these hypotheses by compiling two datasets, one dataset consisting of individual PSF values and plant trait values (specific leaf area, SLA; leaf N concentration, LNC; specific root length, SRL; fine root diameter, FRD; plant height; seed mass), and the second consisting of pairwise PSF values and trait dissimilarity. Our meta-analyses showed that individual PSF values were more negative in faster-growing species with greater SLA, LNC and SRL, supporting the growth–defence trade-off hypothesis. Plant height was positively correlated with individual PSF, perhaps because large, long-lived plants defend against pathogens better than smaller, shorter-lived plants. We also found that larger-seeded species had more positive or less negative PSF, likely reflecting greater tolerance of soil pathogens. The direction of relationships between trait dissimilarity and pairwise PSF varied with trait identity. Dissimilarities in SRL and FRD were negatively correlated with pairwise PSF while height dissimilarity was positively correlated with pairwise PSF. The contrasting relationships may reflect distinct links between trait dissimilarity and niche and fitness differences. Synthesis. Our results demonstrate how an integration of PSF and trait-based approaches can advance plant community ecology.

AB - Plant–soil feedbacks (PSF) and functional traits are two active but not well theoretically integrated areas of research. However, PSF and traits are both affected by life-history evolution, so the two should theoretically be related. We provide a conceptual framework to link plant functional traits to two types of PSF metrics, and hypothesize that individual PSF (plant performance in conspecific vs. heterospecific soil) should be related to the fast–slow trait spectrum, whereas pairwise PSF (the sum of the individual feedbacks for two species growing in each other's soils) should be related to trait dissimilarity. We performed meta-analyses to test these hypotheses by compiling two datasets, one dataset consisting of individual PSF values and plant trait values (specific leaf area, SLA; leaf N concentration, LNC; specific root length, SRL; fine root diameter, FRD; plant height; seed mass), and the second consisting of pairwise PSF values and trait dissimilarity. Our meta-analyses showed that individual PSF values were more negative in faster-growing species with greater SLA, LNC and SRL, supporting the growth–defence trade-off hypothesis. Plant height was positively correlated with individual PSF, perhaps because large, long-lived plants defend against pathogens better than smaller, shorter-lived plants. We also found that larger-seeded species had more positive or less negative PSF, likely reflecting greater tolerance of soil pathogens. The direction of relationships between trait dissimilarity and pairwise PSF varied with trait identity. Dissimilarities in SRL and FRD were negatively correlated with pairwise PSF while height dissimilarity was positively correlated with pairwise PSF. The contrasting relationships may reflect distinct links between trait dissimilarity and niche and fitness differences. Synthesis. Our results demonstrate how an integration of PSF and trait-based approaches can advance plant community ecology.

KW - functional traits

KW - growth-defence trade-off

KW - niche differentiation

KW - phenotypic dissimilarity

KW - plant-soil (below-ground) interactions

KW - species coexistence

KW - species-specialized pathogens

KW - mutualists

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85109716358&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/1365-2745.13731

DO - 10.1111/1365-2745.13731

M3 - Article

VL - 109

SP - 3411

EP - 3423

JO - JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY

JF - JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY

SN - 0022-0477

IS - 9

ER -

View graph of relations

© 2020 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454