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Re-reading the Indian emergency: Britain, the United States and India’s constitutional autocracy, 1975–1977

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-498
Number of pages22
JournalDIPLOMACY AND STATECRAFT
Volume29
Issue number3
Early online date20 Aug 2018
DOIs
Accepted/In press11 Jul 2018
E-pub ahead of print20 Aug 2018
Published2018

King's Authors

Abstract

The period known as the “Emergency” in India—June 1975 to March 1977—is widely recognised as one of the darkest episodes in the nation’s 70-year history. Fundamental rights were suspended, whilst the courts had little or no authority. The security services received emergency powers to make arrests without explanation. Although the political, social, and economic history of the Emergency remains well known, there is nothing on the international history of this period. This analysis provides the first contribution to its diplomatic history. Examining the role played by the United States and Britain, in particular, finds basis largely on declassified papers available in the Indian, American, and British national archives as well as a survey of over 300 newspaper articles on and around the Indian Emergency.

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